More than 2000 sequence variations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene are known. The marked genetic heterogeneity, poor functional characterization of the vast majority of sequence variations, and an uncertain genotype-phenotype relationship complicate the definition of mutational search strategies. We studied the effect of the marked genetic heterogeneity detected in a case series comprising 610 patients of cystic fibrosis (CF), grouped in different clinical macrocategories, on the operative characteristics of the genetic test designed to fully characterize CF patients. The detection rate in each clinical macrocategory and at each mutational step was found to be influenced by genetic heterogeneity. The definition of a single mutational panel that is suitable for all clinical macrocategories proved impossible. Only for classic CF with pancreas insufficiency did a reduced number of mutations yield a detection rate of diagnostic value. All other clinical macrocategories required an extensive genetic search. The search for specific mutational classes appears to be useful only in specific CF clinical forms. A flowchart defining a mutational search that may be adopted for different CF clinical forms, optimized in respect to those already available, is proposed. The findings also have consequences for carrier screening strategies.

The Impact on Genetic Testing of Mutational Patterns of CFTR Gene in Different Clinical Macrocategories of Cystic Fibrosis / Lucarelli, Marco; Bruno, SABINA MARIA; Pierandrei, Silvia; Ferraguti, Giampiero; Testino, Giancarlo; Truglio, Gessica; Strom, Roberto; Quattrucci, Serena. - In: THE JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 1525-1578. - STAMPA. - 18:4(2016), pp. 554-565. [10.1016/j.jmoldx.2016.02.007]

The Impact on Genetic Testing of Mutational Patterns of CFTR Gene in Different Clinical Macrocategories of Cystic Fibrosis.

LUCARELLI, Marco;BRUNO, SABINA MARIA;PIERANDREI, SILVIA;FERRAGUTI, Giampiero;TESTINO, Giancarlo;TRUGLIO, GESSICA;STROM, Roberto;QUATTRUCCI, Serena
2016

Abstract

More than 2000 sequence variations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene are known. The marked genetic heterogeneity, poor functional characterization of the vast majority of sequence variations, and an uncertain genotype-phenotype relationship complicate the definition of mutational search strategies. We studied the effect of the marked genetic heterogeneity detected in a case series comprising 610 patients of cystic fibrosis (CF), grouped in different clinical macrocategories, on the operative characteristics of the genetic test designed to fully characterize CF patients. The detection rate in each clinical macrocategory and at each mutational step was found to be influenced by genetic heterogeneity. The definition of a single mutational panel that is suitable for all clinical macrocategories proved impossible. Only for classic CF with pancreas insufficiency did a reduced number of mutations yield a detection rate of diagnostic value. All other clinical macrocategories required an extensive genetic search. The search for specific mutational classes appears to be useful only in specific CF clinical forms. A flowchart defining a mutational search that may be adopted for different CF clinical forms, optimized in respect to those already available, is proposed. The findings also have consequences for carrier screening strategies.
2016
Cystic fibrosis, mutational patterns, clinical macrocategories, detection rate, genetic testing
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The Impact on Genetic Testing of Mutational Patterns of CFTR Gene in Different Clinical Macrocategories of Cystic Fibrosis / Lucarelli, Marco; Bruno, SABINA MARIA; Pierandrei, Silvia; Ferraguti, Giampiero; Testino, Giancarlo; Truglio, Gessica; Strom, Roberto; Quattrucci, Serena. - In: THE JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 1525-1578. - STAMPA. - 18:4(2016), pp. 554-565. [10.1016/j.jmoldx.2016.02.007]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/870752
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