Because of its structural characteristics, specifically the prevalence of verb types in infant-directed speech and frequent pronoun-dropping, the Italian language offers an attractive opportunity to investigate the predictive effects of input frequency and positional salience on children's acquisition of nouns and verbs. We examined this issue in a sample of twenty-six mother-child dyads whose spontaneous conversations were recorded, transcribed, and coded at 1;4 and 1;8. The percentages of nouns occurring in the final position of maternal utterances at 1;4 predicted children's production of noun types at 1;8. For verbs, children's growth rates were positively predicted by the percentages of input verbs occurring in utterance-initial position, but negatively predicted by the percentages of verbs located in the final position of maternal utterances at 1;4. These findings clearly illustrate that the effects of positional salience vary across lexical categories.

Children's acquisition of nouns and verbs in Italian. Contrasting the roles of frequency and positional salience in maternal language / Longobardi, Emiddia; ROSSI ARNAUD, Clelia Matilde; Spataro, Pietro; Diane L., Putnick; Marc H., Bornstein. - In: JOURNAL OF CHILD LANGUAGE. - ISSN 0305-0009. - STAMPA. - 42:1(2015), pp. 95-121. [10.1017/s0305000913000597]

Children's acquisition of nouns and verbs in Italian. Contrasting the roles of frequency and positional salience in maternal language

LONGOBARDI, Emiddia;ROSSI ARNAUD, Clelia Matilde;SPATARO, PIETRO;
2015

Abstract

Because of its structural characteristics, specifically the prevalence of verb types in infant-directed speech and frequent pronoun-dropping, the Italian language offers an attractive opportunity to investigate the predictive effects of input frequency and positional salience on children's acquisition of nouns and verbs. We examined this issue in a sample of twenty-six mother-child dyads whose spontaneous conversations were recorded, transcribed, and coded at 1;4 and 1;8. The percentages of nouns occurring in the final position of maternal utterances at 1;4 predicted children's production of noun types at 1;8. For verbs, children's growth rates were positively predicted by the percentages of input verbs occurring in utterance-initial position, but negatively predicted by the percentages of verbs located in the final position of maternal utterances at 1;4. These findings clearly illustrate that the effects of positional salience vary across lexical categories.
nouns and verbs acquisition; lexicon; input; italian language
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Children's acquisition of nouns and verbs in Italian. Contrasting the roles of frequency and positional salience in maternal language / Longobardi, Emiddia; ROSSI ARNAUD, Clelia Matilde; Spataro, Pietro; Diane L., Putnick; Marc H., Bornstein. - In: JOURNAL OF CHILD LANGUAGE. - ISSN 0305-0009. - STAMPA. - 42:1(2015), pp. 95-121. [10.1017/s0305000913000597]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/536971
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