Purpose: Recently, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) has become widely used for oral and maxillofacial imaging. Twenty dry mandibles were CBCT and conventional multislice CT scanned to evaluate if there is a statistically significant difference between the bone density values they produce, defined as gray density values, and to determine any correlation between them. Materials and Methods: Using software and a radiographic template, the CT and CBCT scan images were overlapped, and two data sets were created, each one giving the respective gray values (voxel value [VV] or Hounsfield unit [HU]) of the same area with the same spatial coordinates. For the statistical analysis, t-test, Pearson's correlation, and Pearson's r were used. Results: The differences between the CBCT (VV) and CT (HU) gray density values were statistically significant (p≤.05), whereas the Pearson's correlation coefficients and Pearson's r-values demonstrated a statistically significant linear correlation between VV and HU gray density values. Conclusion: The lower radiation dose and reduced costs of CBCT make this a useful substitute for CT; however, this study has shown that, in order to more accurately define the bone density with CBCT, a conversion ratio needs to be applied to the VV. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

How Accurate Is CBCT in Measuring Bone Density? A Comparative CBCT-CT In Vitro Study / Cassetta, Michele; Stefanelli, l. v.; Pacifici, Andrea; Pacifici, Luciano; Barbato, Ersilia. - In: CLINICAL IMPLANT DENTISTRY AND RELATED RESEARCH. - ISSN 1523-0899. - ELETTRONICO. - 16:4(2014), pp. 471-478. [10.1111/cid.12027]

How Accurate Is CBCT in Measuring Bone Density? A Comparative CBCT-CT In Vitro Study

Michele Cassetta;Stefanelli l. v.;Andrea Pacifici;Luciano Pacifici;Ersilia Barbato
2014

Abstract

Purpose: Recently, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) has become widely used for oral and maxillofacial imaging. Twenty dry mandibles were CBCT and conventional multislice CT scanned to evaluate if there is a statistically significant difference between the bone density values they produce, defined as gray density values, and to determine any correlation between them. Materials and Methods: Using software and a radiographic template, the CT and CBCT scan images were overlapped, and two data sets were created, each one giving the respective gray values (voxel value [VV] or Hounsfield unit [HU]) of the same area with the same spatial coordinates. For the statistical analysis, t-test, Pearson's correlation, and Pearson's r were used. Results: The differences between the CBCT (VV) and CT (HU) gray density values were statistically significant (p≤.05), whereas the Pearson's correlation coefficients and Pearson's r-values demonstrated a statistically significant linear correlation between VV and HU gray density values. Conclusion: The lower radiation dose and reduced costs of CBCT make this a useful substitute for CT; however, this study has shown that, in order to more accurately define the bone density with CBCT, a conversion ratio needs to be applied to the VV. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/496686
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