A comprehensive, bottoms-up characterization of two of the most widely used biomedical Ti-containing alloys, NiTi and -Ti, was carried out applying a novel combination of neutron diffraction, neutron prompt-gamma activation, surface morphology, thermal analysis and mechanical tests, to relate composition, microstructure and physical-chemical-mechanical properties to unknown processing history. The commercial specimens studied are rectangular (0.43 0.64 mm~0.017 0.025 inch) wires, in both pre-formed U-shape and straight extended form. Practical performance was quantitatively linked to the influence of alloying elements, microstructure and thermo-mechanical processing. Results demonstrated that the microstructure and phase composition of -Ti strongly depended on the composition, phase-stabilizing elements in particular, in that the 10.2 wt.% Mo content in Azdent resulted in 41.2% phase, while Ormco with 11.6 wt.% Mo contained only phase. Although the existence of phase is probable in the meta-stable alloy, the phase has never been quantified before. Further, the phase transformation behavior of NiTi directly arose from the microstructure, whilst being highly influenced by thermo-mechanical history. A strong correlation (r = 0.878) was established between phase transformation temperature and the force levels observed in bending test at body temperature, reconfirming that structure determines performance, while also being highly influenced by thermo-mechanical history. The novel methodology described is evidenced as generating a predictive profile of the eventual biomechanical properties and practical performance of the commercial materials. Overall, the work encompasses a reproducible and comprehensive approach expected to aid in future optimization and rational design of devices of metallic origin.

Biomedical NiTi and β-Ti alloys: from composition, microstructure and thermo-mechanics to application / Nespoli, Adelaide; Passaretti, Francesca; Szentmiklósi, László; Maróti, Boglárka; Placidi, Ernesto; Cassetta, Michele; Yada, Rickey Y.; Farrar, David H.; Tian, Kun V.. - In: METALS. - ISSN 2075-4701. - 12:3(2022). [10.3390/met12030406]

Biomedical NiTi and β-Ti alloys: from composition, microstructure and thermo-mechanics to application

Placidi, Ernesto;Cassetta, Michele
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2022

Abstract

A comprehensive, bottoms-up characterization of two of the most widely used biomedical Ti-containing alloys, NiTi and -Ti, was carried out applying a novel combination of neutron diffraction, neutron prompt-gamma activation, surface morphology, thermal analysis and mechanical tests, to relate composition, microstructure and physical-chemical-mechanical properties to unknown processing history. The commercial specimens studied are rectangular (0.43 0.64 mm~0.017 0.025 inch) wires, in both pre-formed U-shape and straight extended form. Practical performance was quantitatively linked to the influence of alloying elements, microstructure and thermo-mechanical processing. Results demonstrated that the microstructure and phase composition of -Ti strongly depended on the composition, phase-stabilizing elements in particular, in that the 10.2 wt.% Mo content in Azdent resulted in 41.2% phase, while Ormco with 11.6 wt.% Mo contained only phase. Although the existence of phase is probable in the meta-stable alloy, the phase has never been quantified before. Further, the phase transformation behavior of NiTi directly arose from the microstructure, whilst being highly influenced by thermo-mechanical history. A strong correlation (r = 0.878) was established between phase transformation temperature and the force levels observed in bending test at body temperature, reconfirming that structure determines performance, while also being highly influenced by thermo-mechanical history. The novel methodology described is evidenced as generating a predictive profile of the eventual biomechanical properties and practical performance of the commercial materials. Overall, the work encompasses a reproducible and comprehensive approach expected to aid in future optimization and rational design of devices of metallic origin.
titanium alloy; shape-memory alloy; microstructure; structure-property relationship; phase transformation; composition; phase-stabilizing element
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Biomedical NiTi and β-Ti alloys: from composition, microstructure and thermo-mechanics to application / Nespoli, Adelaide; Passaretti, Francesca; Szentmiklósi, László; Maróti, Boglárka; Placidi, Ernesto; Cassetta, Michele; Yada, Rickey Y.; Farrar, David H.; Tian, Kun V.. - In: METALS. - ISSN 2075-4701. - 12:3(2022). [10.3390/met12030406]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1614623
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