This study aimed to assess the ability of 25 gait indices to characterize gait instability and recurrent fallers among persons with primary degenerative cerebellar ataxia (pwCA), regardless of gait speed, and investigate their correlation with clinical and kinematic variables. Trunk acceleration patterns were acquired during the gait of 34 pwCA, and 34 age- and speed-matched healthy subjects (HSmatched) using an inertial measurement unit. We calculated harmonic ratios (HR), percent recurrence, percent determinism, step length coefficient of variation, short-time largest Lyapunov exponent (sLLE), normalized jerk score, log-dimensionless jerk (LDLJ-A), root mean square (RMS), and root mean square ratio of accelerations (RMSR) in each spatial direction for each participant. Unpaired t-tests or Mann-Whitney tests were performed to identify significant differences between the pwCA and HSmatched groups. Receiver operating characteristics were plotted to assess the ability to characterize gait alterations in pwCA and fallers. Optimal cutoff points were identified, and post-test probabilities were calculated. The HRs showed to characterize gait instability and pwCA fallers with high probabilities. They were correlated with disease severity and stance, swing, and double support duration, regardless of gait speed. sLLEs, RMSs, RMSRs, and LDLJ-A were slightly able to characterize the gait of pwCA but failed to characterize fallers.

Identification of gait unbalance and fallers among subjects with cerebellar ataxia by a set of trunk acceleration-derived indices of gait / Castiglia, Stefano Filippo; Trabassi, Dante; Tatarelli, Antonella; Ranavolo, Alberto; Varrecchia, Tiwana; Fiori, Lorenzo; Di Lenola, Davide; Cioffi, Ettore; Raju, Manikandan; Coppola, Gianluca; Caliandro, Pietro; Casali, Carlo; Serrao, Mariano. - In: CEREBELLUM. - ISSN 1473-4222. - (2022). [10.1007/s12311-021-01361-5]

Identification of gait unbalance and fallers among subjects with cerebellar ataxia by a set of trunk acceleration-derived indices of gait

Castiglia, Stefano Filippo
;
Trabassi, Dante;Tatarelli, Antonella;Ranavolo, Alberto;Varrecchia, Tiwana;Fiori, Lorenzo;Di Lenola, Davide;Cioffi, Ettore;Raju, Manikandan;Coppola, Gianluca;Casali, Carlo;Serrao, Mariano
2022

Abstract

This study aimed to assess the ability of 25 gait indices to characterize gait instability and recurrent fallers among persons with primary degenerative cerebellar ataxia (pwCA), regardless of gait speed, and investigate their correlation with clinical and kinematic variables. Trunk acceleration patterns were acquired during the gait of 34 pwCA, and 34 age- and speed-matched healthy subjects (HSmatched) using an inertial measurement unit. We calculated harmonic ratios (HR), percent recurrence, percent determinism, step length coefficient of variation, short-time largest Lyapunov exponent (sLLE), normalized jerk score, log-dimensionless jerk (LDLJ-A), root mean square (RMS), and root mean square ratio of accelerations (RMSR) in each spatial direction for each participant. Unpaired t-tests or Mann-Whitney tests were performed to identify significant differences between the pwCA and HSmatched groups. Receiver operating characteristics were plotted to assess the ability to characterize gait alterations in pwCA and fallers. Optimal cutoff points were identified, and post-test probabilities were calculated. The HRs showed to characterize gait instability and pwCA fallers with high probabilities. They were correlated with disease severity and stance, swing, and double support duration, regardless of gait speed. sLLEs, RMSs, RMSRs, and LDLJ-A were slightly able to characterize the gait of pwCA but failed to characterize fallers.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1606425
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