COVID-19 vaccines are the most promising means of limiting the pandemic. The present study aims at determining the roles of several psychological variables in predicting vaccination intention in Italy. An online questionnaire was disseminated between 9 March and 9 May 2021. The sample included 971 participants. Results showed that most of the participants were willing to vaccinate. Acceptance rates were correlated with age, marital status, and area of residence. Intention to be vaccinated was positively correlated with perceived risk, pro-sociality, fear of COVID-19, use of preventive behaviors, and trust in government, in science, and in medical professionals. Intention to be vaccinated was negatively associated with belief in misinformation. The degree of acceptance is likely to be a result of the campaign tailored to address people’s negative attitudes towards vaccines. Trust in government and trust in science were among the strongest psychological predictors of vaccination intention. Fear of COVID-19, but not perceived risk, was associated with increased vaccine uptake, suggesting that the affective component of risk perception was more important than the cognitive component in predicting participants’ behaviors. Belief in misinformation was associated with reduced vaccination intention. Future studies will take into consideration these variables, to better understand the multifaceted process underlying vaccination intention.

Predictors of the intention to be vaccinated against COVID-19 in a sample of Italian respondents at the start of the immunization campaign / Santirocchi, Alessandro; Spataro, Pietro; Costanzi, Marco; Doricchi, Fabrizio; Clelia, Rossi-Arnaud; Cestari, Vincenzo. - In: JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE. - ISSN 2075-4426. - 12:1(2022). [10.3390/jpm12010111]

Predictors of the intention to be vaccinated against COVID-19 in a sample of Italian respondents at the start of the immunization campaign

Alessandro Santirocchi
Primo
;
Pietro Spataro
Secondo
;
Fabrizio Doricchi;Clelia Rossi-Arnaud
Penultimo
;
Vincenzo Cestari
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

COVID-19 vaccines are the most promising means of limiting the pandemic. The present study aims at determining the roles of several psychological variables in predicting vaccination intention in Italy. An online questionnaire was disseminated between 9 March and 9 May 2021. The sample included 971 participants. Results showed that most of the participants were willing to vaccinate. Acceptance rates were correlated with age, marital status, and area of residence. Intention to be vaccinated was positively correlated with perceived risk, pro-sociality, fear of COVID-19, use of preventive behaviors, and trust in government, in science, and in medical professionals. Intention to be vaccinated was negatively associated with belief in misinformation. The degree of acceptance is likely to be a result of the campaign tailored to address people’s negative attitudes towards vaccines. Trust in government and trust in science were among the strongest psychological predictors of vaccination intention. Fear of COVID-19, but not perceived risk, was associated with increased vaccine uptake, suggesting that the affective component of risk perception was more important than the cognitive component in predicting participants’ behaviors. Belief in misinformation was associated with reduced vaccination intention. Future studies will take into consideration these variables, to better understand the multifaceted process underlying vaccination intention.
COVID-19 vaccine; vaccine hesitancy; vaccine intention
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Predictors of the intention to be vaccinated against COVID-19 in a sample of Italian respondents at the start of the immunization campaign / Santirocchi, Alessandro; Spataro, Pietro; Costanzi, Marco; Doricchi, Fabrizio; Clelia, Rossi-Arnaud; Cestari, Vincenzo. - In: JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE. - ISSN 2075-4426. - 12:1(2022). [10.3390/jpm12010111]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1603885
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