We obtain upper bounds for the first eigenvalue of the magnetic Laplacian associated to a closed potential 1-form (hence, with zero magnetic field) acting on complex functions of a planar domain Ω , with magnetic Neumann boundary conditions. It is well known that the first eigenvalue is positive whenever the potential admits at least one non-integral flux. By gauge invariance, the lowest eigenvalue is simply zero if the domain is simply connected; then, we obtain an upper bound of the ground state energy depending only on the ratio between the number of holes and the area; modulo a numerical constant the upper bound is sharp and we show that in fact equality is attained (modulo a constant) for Aharonov-Bohm-type operators acting on domains punctured at a maximal ϵ-net. In the last part, we show that the upper bound can be refined, provided that one can transform the given domain in a simply connected one by performing a number of cuts with sufficiently small total length; we thus obtain an upper bound of the lowest eigenvalue by the ratio between the number of holes and the area, multiplied by a Cheeger-type constant, which tends to zero when the domain is metrically close to a simply connected one.

Upper bounds for the ground state energy of the Laplacian with zero magnetic field on planar domains / Colbois, B.; Savo, A.. - In: ANNALS OF GLOBAL ANALYSIS AND GEOMETRY. - ISSN 0232-704X. - (2021). [10.1007/s10455-021-09759-4]

Upper bounds for the ground state energy of the Laplacian with zero magnetic field on planar domains

Savo A.
2021

Abstract

We obtain upper bounds for the first eigenvalue of the magnetic Laplacian associated to a closed potential 1-form (hence, with zero magnetic field) acting on complex functions of a planar domain Ω , with magnetic Neumann boundary conditions. It is well known that the first eigenvalue is positive whenever the potential admits at least one non-integral flux. By gauge invariance, the lowest eigenvalue is simply zero if the domain is simply connected; then, we obtain an upper bound of the ground state energy depending only on the ratio between the number of holes and the area; modulo a numerical constant the upper bound is sharp and we show that in fact equality is attained (modulo a constant) for Aharonov-Bohm-type operators acting on domains punctured at a maximal ϵ-net. In the last part, we show that the upper bound can be refined, provided that one can transform the given domain in a simply connected one by performing a number of cuts with sufficiently small total length; we thus obtain an upper bound of the lowest eigenvalue by the ratio between the number of holes and the area, multiplied by a Cheeger-type constant, which tends to zero when the domain is metrically close to a simply connected one.
2021
Ground state energy; Magnetic Laplacian; Planar domains; Upper bounds; Zero magnetic field
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Upper bounds for the ground state energy of the Laplacian with zero magnetic field on planar domains / Colbois, B.; Savo, A.. - In: ANNALS OF GLOBAL ANALYSIS AND GEOMETRY. - ISSN 0232-704X. - (2021). [10.1007/s10455-021-09759-4]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1532007
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