Aims: Ischaemic heart disease is classically associated with coronary artery disease. Recent evidences showed the correlation between coronary microvascular dysfunction and ischaemic heart disease, even independently of coronary artery disease. Ion channels represent the final effectors of blood flow regulation mechanisms and their genetic variants, in particular of Kir6.2 subunit of the ATP-sensitive potassium channel (KATP), are reported to be involved in ischaemic heart disease susceptibility. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the role of KATP channel and its genetic variants in patients with ischaemic heart disease and evaluate whether differences exist between coronary artery disease and coronary microvascular dysfunction. Methods: A total of 603 consecutive patients with indication for coronary angiography due to suspected myocardial ischaemia were enrolled. Patients were divided into three groups: coronary artery disease (G1), coronary microvascular dysfunction (G2) and normal coronary arteries (G3). Analysis of four single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs5215, rs5216, rs5218 and rs5219) of the KCNJ11 gene encoding for Kir6.2 subunit of the KATP channel was performed. Results: rs5215 A/A and G/A were significantly more represented in G1, while rs5215 G/G was significantly more represented in G3, rs5216 G/G and C/C were both more represented in G3, rs5218 C/C was more represented in G1 and rs5219 G/A was more represented in G1, while rs5219 G/G was significantly more represented in G2. At multivariate analysis, single nucleotide polymorphism rs5215_G/G seems to represent an ischaemic heart disease independent protective factor. Conclusions: These results suggest the potential role of KATP genetic variants in ischaemic heart disease susceptibility, as an independent protective factor. They may lead to a future perspective for gene therapy against ischaemic heart disease.

Susceptibility to ischaemic heart disease. Focusing on genetic variants for ATP-sensitive potassium channel beyond traditional risk factors / Severino, P.; D'Amato, A.; Netti, L.; Pucci, M.; Mariani, M. V.; Cimino, S.; Birtolo, L. I.; Infusino, F.; De Orchi, P.; Palmirotta, R.; Lovero, D.; Silvestris, F.; Caputo, V.; Pizzuti, A.; Miraldi, F.; Maestrini, V.; Mancone, M.; Fedele, F.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 2047-4873. - (2021), pp. 1-7. [10.1177/2047487320926780]

Susceptibility to ischaemic heart disease. Focusing on genetic variants for ATP-sensitive potassium channel beyond traditional risk factors

Severino P.;Netti L.;Cimino S.;Infusino F.;De Orchi P.;Palmirotta R.;Caputo V.;Pizzuti A.;Miraldi F.;Maestrini V.;Mancone M.;Fedele F.
2021

Abstract

Aims: Ischaemic heart disease is classically associated with coronary artery disease. Recent evidences showed the correlation between coronary microvascular dysfunction and ischaemic heart disease, even independently of coronary artery disease. Ion channels represent the final effectors of blood flow regulation mechanisms and their genetic variants, in particular of Kir6.2 subunit of the ATP-sensitive potassium channel (KATP), are reported to be involved in ischaemic heart disease susceptibility. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the role of KATP channel and its genetic variants in patients with ischaemic heart disease and evaluate whether differences exist between coronary artery disease and coronary microvascular dysfunction. Methods: A total of 603 consecutive patients with indication for coronary angiography due to suspected myocardial ischaemia were enrolled. Patients were divided into three groups: coronary artery disease (G1), coronary microvascular dysfunction (G2) and normal coronary arteries (G3). Analysis of four single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs5215, rs5216, rs5218 and rs5219) of the KCNJ11 gene encoding for Kir6.2 subunit of the KATP channel was performed. Results: rs5215 A/A and G/A were significantly more represented in G1, while rs5215 G/G was significantly more represented in G3, rs5216 G/G and C/C were both more represented in G3, rs5218 C/C was more represented in G1 and rs5219 G/A was more represented in G1, while rs5219 G/G was significantly more represented in G2. At multivariate analysis, single nucleotide polymorphism rs5215_G/G seems to represent an ischaemic heart disease independent protective factor. Conclusions: These results suggest the potential role of KATP genetic variants in ischaemic heart disease susceptibility, as an independent protective factor. They may lead to a future perspective for gene therapy against ischaemic heart disease.
2021
atp-sensitive potassium channel; coronary artery disease; coronary microvascular dysfunction; ion channels; ischaemic heart disease; single nucleotide polymorphisms
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Susceptibility to ischaemic heart disease. Focusing on genetic variants for ATP-sensitive potassium channel beyond traditional risk factors / Severino, P.; D'Amato, A.; Netti, L.; Pucci, M.; Mariani, M. V.; Cimino, S.; Birtolo, L. I.; Infusino, F.; De Orchi, P.; Palmirotta, R.; Lovero, D.; Silvestris, F.; Caputo, V.; Pizzuti, A.; Miraldi, F.; Maestrini, V.; Mancone, M.; Fedele, F.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 2047-4873. - (2021), pp. 1-7. [10.1177/2047487320926780]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1421953
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