Since its introduction in 1977, self-efﬁcacy has proven to be a fundamental predictor of positive adjustment and achievement in many domains. In problem gambling studies, self-efﬁcacy has been deﬁned mainly as an individual’s ability to avoid gambling in risky situations. The interest in this construct developed mainly with regard to treatment approaches, where abstinence from gambling is required. Very little is known, however, regarding self-efﬁcacy as a protective factor for problem gambling. This study aims to ﬁll this gap, proposing a new self-efﬁcacy scale which measures not only the ability to restrainoneselffromgamblingbutalsotheabilitytoself-regulateone’sgamblingbehavior. Two studies were conducted in which the data from two Italian prevalence surveys on problem gambling were considered. A total of about 6,000 participants were involved. In the ﬁrst study, the psychometric characteristics of this new self-efﬁcacy scale were investigated through exploratory and conﬁrmatory factor analyses. The results indicated the presence of two different factors: self-efﬁcacy in self-regulating gambling behavior and self-efﬁcacy in avoiding risky gambling behavior. The second study conﬁrmed the replicability of the two-factor solution and displayed high correlations among these two self-efﬁcacy dimensions and different measures of gambling activities as well as other psychological variables related to gambling (gambling beliefs, gambling motivation, risk propensity, and impulsiveness). The results of logistic regression analyses showed the particular importance of self-regulating gaming behavior in explaining problem gambling as measured by Problem Gambling Severity Index and South Oaks Gambling Screen, thus proving the role of self-efﬁcacy as a pivotal protective factor for problem gambling.
Psychometric characteristics of a new scale for measuring self-efficacy in the regulation of gambling behavior / Barbaranelli, Claudio; Ghezzi, Valerio; Fida, Roberta; Vecchione, Michele. - In: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-1078. - ELETTRONICO. - 8(2017), pp. 1-14.
|Titolo:||Psychometric characteristics of a new scale for measuring self-efficacy in the regulation of gambling behavior|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Citazione:||Psychometric characteristics of a new scale for measuring self-efficacy in the regulation of gambling behavior / Barbaranelli, Claudio; Ghezzi, Valerio; Fida, Roberta; Vecchione, Michele. - In: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-1078. - ELETTRONICO. - 8(2017), pp. 1-14.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|
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