Embryonic and fetal skeletal myoblasts were grown in culture in the presence of TGF beta. Under the conditions employed, TGF beta inhibited differentiation of fetal but not of embryonic myoblasts. To investigate the possible relevance of these data to skeletal muscle histogenesis in vivo, we studied the proliferation/differentiation state of mesodermal cells in the proximal region of the limb bud at the time of primary fiber formation. BrdU labeling and immunostaining for myosin heavy chains revealed that very few mesodermal cells enter the S phase of the cycle when differentiated primary fibers first appear. However, a few hours later, many cells in S phase surround newly formed muscle fibers, suggesting that the latter may be a source of mitogens for undifferentiated myoblasts. Co-culture experiments supported this hypothesis, showing that medium conditioned by fiber-containing explants can stimulate myoblast proliferation. Taken together these data suggested a possible mechanism for the regulation of muscle fiber formation. The model assumes that fibers form in the proximal region of the limb bud, where TGF beta is known to be present, and BrdU labeling experiments did not reveal cells in S phase. It is conceivable that non-dividing embryonic myoblasts (which do not respond to TGF beta) can undergo differentiation, while fetal myoblasts are inhibited by TGF beta. Once formed, primary fibers may stimulate a new wave of proliferation in fetal myoblasts, in order to expand the pool of cells needed to form secondary fibers.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Differential response of embryonic and fetal myoblasts to TGF beta: a possible regulatory mechanism of skeletal muscle histogenesis / Cusella De Angelis, M. G; Molinari, S; Le Donne, A; Coletta, Marcello; Vivarelli, Elisabetta; Bouche', Marina; Molinaro, Mario; Ferrari, S; Cossu, Giulio. - In: DEVELOPMENT. - ISSN 0950-1991. - STAMPA. - 120:4(1994), pp. 925-933.

Differential response of embryonic and fetal myoblasts to TGF beta: a possible regulatory mechanism of skeletal muscle histogenesis

COLETTA, Marcello;VIVARELLI, Elisabetta;BOUCHE', Marina;MOLINARO, Mario;COSSU, Giulio
1994

Abstract

Embryonic and fetal skeletal myoblasts were grown in culture in the presence of TGF beta. Under the conditions employed, TGF beta inhibited differentiation of fetal but not of embryonic myoblasts. To investigate the possible relevance of these data to skeletal muscle histogenesis in vivo, we studied the proliferation/differentiation state of mesodermal cells in the proximal region of the limb bud at the time of primary fiber formation. BrdU labeling and immunostaining for myosin heavy chains revealed that very few mesodermal cells enter the S phase of the cycle when differentiated primary fibers first appear. However, a few hours later, many cells in S phase surround newly formed muscle fibers, suggesting that the latter may be a source of mitogens for undifferentiated myoblasts. Co-culture experiments supported this hypothesis, showing that medium conditioned by fiber-containing explants can stimulate myoblast proliferation. Taken together these data suggested a possible mechanism for the regulation of muscle fiber formation. The model assumes that fibers form in the proximal region of the limb bud, where TGF beta is known to be present, and BrdU labeling experiments did not reveal cells in S phase. It is conceivable that non-dividing embryonic myoblasts (which do not respond to TGF beta) can undergo differentiation, while fetal myoblasts are inhibited by TGF beta. Once formed, primary fibers may stimulate a new wave of proliferation in fetal myoblasts, in order to expand the pool of cells needed to form secondary fibers.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
1994
Animals; Blotting, Northern; Cell Differentiation; Embryo, Mammalian; Extremities; Genetic Techniques; Immunohistochemistry; Mice; Muscle, Skeletal; Transforming Growth Factor beta
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Differential response of embryonic and fetal myoblasts to TGF beta: a possible regulatory mechanism of skeletal muscle histogenesis / Cusella De Angelis, M. G; Molinari, S; Le Donne, A; Coletta, Marcello; Vivarelli, Elisabetta; Bouche', Marina; Molinaro, Mario; Ferrari, S; Cossu, Giulio. - In: DEVELOPMENT. - ISSN 0950-1991. - STAMPA. - 120:4(1994), pp. 925-933.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/934280
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