Anti Xa non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (anti Xa NOACs) seem to possess antiplatelet effect in vitro, but it is unclear if this occurs also in vivo. Aim of the study was to compare the effect on platelet activation of two anti Xa NOACs, namely apixaban and rivaroxaban, to warfarin, and to investigate the potential underlying mechanism by evaluating soluble glycoprotein GPVI (sGPVI), a protein involved in platelet activation. We performed a cross-sectional including AF patients treated with warfarin (n=30), or apixaban 10mg/day (n=40), or rivaroxaban 20mg/day (n=40). Patients were balanced for sex, age and cardiovascular risk factors. Platelet activation by urinary excretion of 11-dehydro-thromboxane (Tx) B2 and soluble GPVI (sGPVI) were analysed at baseline and after 3 months of treatment. Baseline TxB2 value was 155.2±42.7ng/mg creatinine. The 3 months-variation of urinary excretion of TxB2 was -6.5% with warfarin (p=0.197), -29% with apixaban (p<0.001) and -31% with rivaroxaban (p<0.001). Use of anti Xa NOACs was independently associated to the variation of urinary TxB2 (B: -0.469, p<0.001), after adjustment for clinical characteristics; sGPVI was significantly lower in patients treated with NOACs at 3 months (p<0.001), while only a trend for the warfarin group (p=0.116) was observed. The variation of sGPVI was correlated with that of TxB2 in the NOACs group (Rs: 0.527, p<0.001). In 15 patients (5 per each group) platelet recruitment was significantly lowered at 3 months by NOACs (p<0.001), but not by warfarin. The study provides evidence that anti Xa NOACs significantly inhibit urinary TxB2 excretion compared to warfarin, suggesting that NOACs possess antiplatelet property

Anti Xa oral anticoagulants inhibit in vivo platelet activation by modulating glycoprotein VI shedding / Pignatelli, Pasquale; Pastori, Daniele; Bartimoccia, Simona; Menichelli, Danilo; Vicario, Tommasa; Nocella, Cristina; Carnevale, Roberto; Violi, Francesco. - In: PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1043-6618. - 113 (Pt A)(2016), pp. 484-489. [10.1016/j.phrs.2016.09.035]

Anti Xa oral anticoagulants inhibit in vivo platelet activation by modulating glycoprotein VI shedding

PIGNATELLI, Pasquale
Primo
;
PASTORI, DANIELE;BARTIMOCCIA, SIMONA;MENICHELLI, DANILO;VICARIO, TOMMASA;NOCELLA, CRISTINA;CARNEVALE, Roberto
Penultimo
;
VIOLI, Francesco
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

Anti Xa non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (anti Xa NOACs) seem to possess antiplatelet effect in vitro, but it is unclear if this occurs also in vivo. Aim of the study was to compare the effect on platelet activation of two anti Xa NOACs, namely apixaban and rivaroxaban, to warfarin, and to investigate the potential underlying mechanism by evaluating soluble glycoprotein GPVI (sGPVI), a protein involved in platelet activation. We performed a cross-sectional including AF patients treated with warfarin (n=30), or apixaban 10mg/day (n=40), or rivaroxaban 20mg/day (n=40). Patients were balanced for sex, age and cardiovascular risk factors. Platelet activation by urinary excretion of 11-dehydro-thromboxane (Tx) B2 and soluble GPVI (sGPVI) were analysed at baseline and after 3 months of treatment. Baseline TxB2 value was 155.2±42.7ng/mg creatinine. The 3 months-variation of urinary excretion of TxB2 was -6.5% with warfarin (p=0.197), -29% with apixaban (p<0.001) and -31% with rivaroxaban (p<0.001). Use of anti Xa NOACs was independently associated to the variation of urinary TxB2 (B: -0.469, p<0.001), after adjustment for clinical characteristics; sGPVI was significantly lower in patients treated with NOACs at 3 months (p<0.001), while only a trend for the warfarin group (p=0.116) was observed. The variation of sGPVI was correlated with that of TxB2 in the NOACs group (Rs: 0.527, p<0.001). In 15 patients (5 per each group) platelet recruitment was significantly lowered at 3 months by NOACs (p<0.001), but not by warfarin. The study provides evidence that anti Xa NOACs significantly inhibit urinary TxB2 excretion compared to warfarin, suggesting that NOACs possess antiplatelet property
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/928799
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