Autosomal-dominant lateral temporal epilepsy (ADLTE) is a genetic epilepsy syndrome clinically characterized by focal seizures with prominent auditory symptoms. ADLTE is genetically heterogeneous, and mutations in LGI1 account for fewer than 50% of affected families. Here, we report the identification of causal mutations in reelin (RELN) in seven ADLTE-affected families without LGI1 mutations. We initially investigated 13 ADLTE-affected families by performing SNP-array linkage analysis and whole-exome sequencing and identified three heterozygous missense mutations co-segregating with the syndrome. Subsequent analysis of 15 small ADLTE-affected families revealed four additional missense mutations. 3D modeling predicted that all mutations have structural effects on protein-domain folding. Overall, RELN mutations occurred in 7/40 (17.5%) ADLTE-affected families. RELN encodes a secreted protein, Reelin, which has important functions in both the developing and adult brain and is also found in the blood serum. We show that ADLTE-related mutations significantly decrease serum levels of Reelin, suggesting an inhibitory effect of mutations on protein secretion. We also show that Reelin and LGI1 co-localize in a subset of rat brain neurons, supporting an involvement of both proteins in a common molecular pathway underlying ADLTE. Homozygous RELN mutations are known to cause lissencephaly with cerebellar hypoplasia. Our findings extend the spectrum of neurological disorders associated with RELN mutations and establish a link between RELN and LGI1, which play key regulatory roles in both the developing and adult brain.

Heterozygous Reelin Mutations Cause Autosomal-Dominant Lateral Temporal Epilepsy / Dazzo, Emanuela; Fanciulli, Manuela; Serioli, Elena; Minervini, Giovanni; Pulitano, Patrizia; Binelli, Simona; Di Bonaventura, Carlo; Luisi, Concetta; Pasini, Elena; Striano, Salvatore; Striano, Pasquale; Coppola, Giangennaro; Chiavegato, Angela; Radovic, Slobodanka; Spadotto, Alessandro; Uzzau, Sergio; La Neve, Angela; Giallonardo, Anna Teresa; Mecarelli, Oriano; Tosatto, Silvio C. E; Ottman, Ruth; Michelucci, Roberto; Nobile, Carlo. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS. - ISSN 0002-9297. - 96:6(2015), pp. 992-1000. [10.1016/j.ajhg.2015.04.020]

Heterozygous Reelin Mutations Cause Autosomal-Dominant Lateral Temporal Epilepsy

GIALLONARDO, Anna Teresa;MECARELLI, Oriano;
2015

Abstract

Autosomal-dominant lateral temporal epilepsy (ADLTE) is a genetic epilepsy syndrome clinically characterized by focal seizures with prominent auditory symptoms. ADLTE is genetically heterogeneous, and mutations in LGI1 account for fewer than 50% of affected families. Here, we report the identification of causal mutations in reelin (RELN) in seven ADLTE-affected families without LGI1 mutations. We initially investigated 13 ADLTE-affected families by performing SNP-array linkage analysis and whole-exome sequencing and identified three heterozygous missense mutations co-segregating with the syndrome. Subsequent analysis of 15 small ADLTE-affected families revealed four additional missense mutations. 3D modeling predicted that all mutations have structural effects on protein-domain folding. Overall, RELN mutations occurred in 7/40 (17.5%) ADLTE-affected families. RELN encodes a secreted protein, Reelin, which has important functions in both the developing and adult brain and is also found in the blood serum. We show that ADLTE-related mutations significantly decrease serum levels of Reelin, suggesting an inhibitory effect of mutations on protein secretion. We also show that Reelin and LGI1 co-localize in a subset of rat brain neurons, supporting an involvement of both proteins in a common molecular pathway underlying ADLTE. Homozygous RELN mutations are known to cause lissencephaly with cerebellar hypoplasia. Our findings extend the spectrum of neurological disorders associated with RELN mutations and establish a link between RELN and LGI1, which play key regulatory roles in both the developing and adult brain.
2015
Animals; Base Sequence; Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuronal; Chromosome Mapping; Epilepsy, Frontal Lobe; Exome; Extracellular Matrix Proteins; Fluorescent Antibody Technique; Gene Components; Humans; Immunoblotting; Molecular Sequence Data; Mutation, Missense; Nerve Tissue Proteins; Pedigree; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Protein Conformation; Protein Folding; Proteins; Rats; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Serine Endopeptidases; Sleep Wake Disorders; Models, Molecular
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01i Case report
Heterozygous Reelin Mutations Cause Autosomal-Dominant Lateral Temporal Epilepsy / Dazzo, Emanuela; Fanciulli, Manuela; Serioli, Elena; Minervini, Giovanni; Pulitano, Patrizia; Binelli, Simona; Di Bonaventura, Carlo; Luisi, Concetta; Pasini, Elena; Striano, Salvatore; Striano, Pasquale; Coppola, Giangennaro; Chiavegato, Angela; Radovic, Slobodanka; Spadotto, Alessandro; Uzzau, Sergio; La Neve, Angela; Giallonardo, Anna Teresa; Mecarelli, Oriano; Tosatto, Silvio C. E; Ottman, Ruth; Michelucci, Roberto; Nobile, Carlo. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS. - ISSN 0002-9297. - 96:6(2015), pp. 992-1000. [10.1016/j.ajhg.2015.04.020]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/908685
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