The aim of the present study is to investigate different facets of the theory of mind (ToM), i.e. first vs. thirdperson, first vs. second-order ToM, egocentric vs. allocentric perspective, in a clinical sample of 20 non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) adolescent inpatients and 20 healthy controls. Methods: We investigated whether performance in ToM tasks was related to both the type and frequency of self-injuring behavior and attitude toward life and death, using a semi-structured interview and different self-report questionnaires. Results: NSSI participants performed less well than the control group in all the ToM dimensions investigated. Furthermore, ToM performance was negatively related to Attraction to Death, in terms of both the type and frequency of self-injuring behavior, and it was positively related to Attraction to Life. Conclusions: These preliminary findings have interesting implications for future clinical investigations, in that they provide previously unavailable information regarding the association between ToM and NSSI behavior.

Theory of mind in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) adolescents / Laghi, Fiorenzo; Terrinoni, Arianna; Cerutti, Rita; Fantini, Fiorella; Galosi, Serena; Ferrara, Mauro; Bosco, F. M.. - In: CONSCIOUSNESS AND COGNITION. - ISSN 1053-8100. - STAMPA. - 43(2016), pp. 38-47. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2016.05.004]

Theory of mind in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) adolescents

LAGHI, Fiorenzo;TERRINONI, ARIANNA;CERUTTI, Rita;FANTINI, FIORELLA;GALOSI, SERENA;FERRARA, Mauro;
2016

Abstract

The aim of the present study is to investigate different facets of the theory of mind (ToM), i.e. first vs. thirdperson, first vs. second-order ToM, egocentric vs. allocentric perspective, in a clinical sample of 20 non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) adolescent inpatients and 20 healthy controls. Methods: We investigated whether performance in ToM tasks was related to both the type and frequency of self-injuring behavior and attitude toward life and death, using a semi-structured interview and different self-report questionnaires. Results: NSSI participants performed less well than the control group in all the ToM dimensions investigated. Furthermore, ToM performance was negatively related to Attraction to Death, in terms of both the type and frequency of self-injuring behavior, and it was positively related to Attraction to Life. Conclusions: These preliminary findings have interesting implications for future clinical investigations, in that they provide previously unavailable information regarding the association between ToM and NSSI behavior.
2016
non-suicidal self-injury;theory of mind; self-injuring behavior; adolescent inpatients; suicidal ideation
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Theory of mind in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) adolescents / Laghi, Fiorenzo; Terrinoni, Arianna; Cerutti, Rita; Fantini, Fiorella; Galosi, Serena; Ferrara, Mauro; Bosco, F. M.. - In: CONSCIOUSNESS AND COGNITION. - ISSN 1053-8100. - STAMPA. - 43(2016), pp. 38-47. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2016.05.004]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/870469
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