This study confirms that autophagy is activated concomitantly with KSHV lytic cycle induction, and that autophagy inhibition by BECN1 knockdown reduces viral lytic gene expression. In addition, we extend previous observations and show that autophagy is blocked at late steps, during viral replication. This is indicated by the lack of colocalization of autophagosomes and lysosomes and by the LC3-II level that does not increase in the presence of bafilomycin A1 in primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) cells induced to enter the lytic cycle, either by TPA/sodium butyrate (BC3 and BCBL1) or by doxycycline (TRExBCBL1-Rta). The autophagic block correlates with the downregulation of RAB7, whose silencing with specific siRNA results in an autophagic block in the same cells. Finally, by electron microscopy analysis, we observed viral particles inside autophagic vesicles in the cytoplasm of PEL cells undergoing viral replication, suggesting that they may be involved in viral transport

The activation of KSHV lytic cycle blocks autophagy in PEL cells / Granato, Marisa; Santarelli, Roberta; Filardi, M; Gonnella, Roberta; Farina, Antonella; Torrisi, Maria Rosaria; Faggioni, Alberto; Cirone, Mara. - In: AUTOPHAGY. - ISSN 1554-8627. - STAMPA. - Volume 11:11(2015), pp. 1978-1986. [10.1080/15548627.2015.1091911]

The activation of KSHV lytic cycle blocks autophagy in PEL cells

GRANATO, Marisa;SANTARELLI, Roberta;GONNELLA, ROBERTA;FARINA, Antonella;TORRISI, Maria Rosaria;FAGGIONI, Alberto;CIRONE, Mara
2015

Abstract

This study confirms that autophagy is activated concomitantly with KSHV lytic cycle induction, and that autophagy inhibition by BECN1 knockdown reduces viral lytic gene expression. In addition, we extend previous observations and show that autophagy is blocked at late steps, during viral replication. This is indicated by the lack of colocalization of autophagosomes and lysosomes and by the LC3-II level that does not increase in the presence of bafilomycin A1 in primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) cells induced to enter the lytic cycle, either by TPA/sodium butyrate (BC3 and BCBL1) or by doxycycline (TRExBCBL1-Rta). The autophagic block correlates with the downregulation of RAB7, whose silencing with specific siRNA results in an autophagic block in the same cells. Finally, by electron microscopy analysis, we observed viral particles inside autophagic vesicles in the cytoplasm of PEL cells undergoing viral replication, suggesting that they may be involved in viral transport
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/839294
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