Clinical documentation and understanding of motivationally based deficits of spatial orienting in the human is limited. Here in a series of one group-study and two single-case studies, we have examined right brain damaged patients (RBD) with and without left spatial neglect in a spatial reward-learning task, in which the motivational valence of the left contralesional and the right ipsilesional space was contrasted. Despite defective spontaneous allocation of attention toward the contralesional space, RBD patients with left spatial neglect showed preserved contralesional reward learning, i.e., comparable to ipsilesional learning and to reward learning displayed by patients without neglect. A notable exception in the group of neglect patients was L.R., who showed no sign of contralesional reward learning. L.R. suffered a cortical-subcortical brain damage affecting theanterior components of the parietal-frontal attentional network and, compared with all other neglect and non-neglect patients, had additional lesion involvement of the medial anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and of the adjacent sectors of the corpus callosum. In contrast to his lateralized motivational learning deficit, L.R. had no lateral bias in the early phases of attentional processing. These findings show that contralesional reward learning is generally preserved in RBD patients with left spatial neglect and that this can be exploited in rehabilitation protocols. Contralesional reward learning is severely disrupted in neglect patients when an additional lesion of the ACC is present.

Cingulate neglect in humans: disruption of contralesional reward learning in right brain damage / Lecce, Francesca; Rotondaro, Francesca; S., Bonnì; A., Carlesimo; M., Thiebaut de Schotten; F., Tomaiuolo; Doricchi, Fabrizio. - In: CORTEX. - ISSN 0010-9452. - STAMPA. - 62:(2014), pp. 73-78. [10.1016/j.cortex.2014.08.008]

Cingulate neglect in humans: disruption of contralesional reward learning in right brain damage

LECCE, FRANCESCA;ROTONDARO, Francesca;DORICCHI, FABRIZIO
2014

Abstract

Clinical documentation and understanding of motivationally based deficits of spatial orienting in the human is limited. Here in a series of one group-study and two single-case studies, we have examined right brain damaged patients (RBD) with and without left spatial neglect in a spatial reward-learning task, in which the motivational valence of the left contralesional and the right ipsilesional space was contrasted. Despite defective spontaneous allocation of attention toward the contralesional space, RBD patients with left spatial neglect showed preserved contralesional reward learning, i.e., comparable to ipsilesional learning and to reward learning displayed by patients without neglect. A notable exception in the group of neglect patients was L.R., who showed no sign of contralesional reward learning. L.R. suffered a cortical-subcortical brain damage affecting theanterior components of the parietal-frontal attentional network and, compared with all other neglect and non-neglect patients, had additional lesion involvement of the medial anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and of the adjacent sectors of the corpus callosum. In contrast to his lateralized motivational learning deficit, L.R. had no lateral bias in the early phases of attentional processing. These findings show that contralesional reward learning is generally preserved in RBD patients with left spatial neglect and that this can be exploited in rehabilitation protocols. Contralesional reward learning is severely disrupted in neglect patients when an additional lesion of the ACC is present.
Spatial neglect; Reward Learnig; Cingulate Cortex
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Cingulate neglect in humans: disruption of contralesional reward learning in right brain damage / Lecce, Francesca; Rotondaro, Francesca; S., Bonnì; A., Carlesimo; M., Thiebaut de Schotten; F., Tomaiuolo; Doricchi, Fabrizio. - In: CORTEX. - ISSN 0010-9452. - STAMPA. - 62:(2014), pp. 73-78. [10.1016/j.cortex.2014.08.008]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/782181
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