Positive orientation (POS) is the name given to the latent dimension common to self-esteem, optimism and life satisfaction. Earlier findings attest to the trait-like nature of POS and to its unique contribution to well-adjustment across domains of functioning. The present study investigates the extent to which POS accounts for individuals' tendency to distort their self-assessment in a positive direction. Taking a class of students (N=190) at the beginning of their academic year, POS predicted the individuals' tendency to perform academically better-than-average (BTA) peers. POS accounted for BTA beyond what is merely due to self-esteem, life satisfaction and optimism. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Dispositional bases of self-serving positive evaluations / Caprara, Gian Vittorio; Alessandri, Guido; Colaiaco, Francesca; Antonio, Zuffiano. - In: PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES. - ISSN 0191-8869. - ELETTRONICO. - 55:7(2013), pp. 864-867. [10.1016/j.paid.2013.07.465]