• In the present research the interaction between the endogenous ligand for the cannabinoid CB1 receptor anandamide (arachidonylethanolamide) and morphine in memory consolidation was investigated. Four sets of experiments were carried out with CD1 mice tested in a one-trial inhibitory avoidance task. The drugs were administered intraperitoneally after training of the animals in the apparatus. In the first set of experiments morphine (0.3 or 0.5, but not 0.15mg/kg) or anandamide (3 or 6 but not 1.5mg/kg) dose-dependently impaired memory consolidation. In the second set of experiments the administration of an otherwise ineffective dose of anandamide (1.5mg/kg) enhanced the memory impairment exerted by morphine (0.3 and 0.5mg/kg) when the drugs were injected immediately after training. In the third set of experiments the combined treatments of anandamide (1.5mg/kg) and morphine (0.5mg/kg) 2h after training were ineffective showing that the effects observed on performance following immediate posttraining administration of anandamide and morphine combinations were reflecting direct influences on memory consolidation. In the fourth set of experiments otherwise ineffective doses of the D1 DA receptor agonist SKF 38393 or the D2 DA receptor agonist LY 171555 antagonized the memory impairment produced by anandamide and morphine in combination, suggesting a possible involvement of dopaminergic mechanisms. © 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||Effects of anandamide and morphine combinations on memory consolidation in CD1 mice.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|