Background: Several studies suggest an increase of oxidative stress and a reduction of endothelial function in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). We assessed the association between OSAS, endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress. Further aim was to evaluate the effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) on oxidative stress and arterial dysfunction. Methods: We studied 138 consecutive patients with heavy snoring and possible OSAS. Patients underwent unattended overnight home polysomnography. Ten patients with severe OSAS were revaluated after 6 months of nCPAP therapy. To assess oxidative stress in vivo, we measured urinary 8-iso-PGF2 alpha and serum levels of soluble NOX2-derived peptide (sNOX2-dp). Serum levels of nitrite/nitrate (NOx) were also determined. Flow-mediated brachial artery dilation (FMD) was measured to asses endothelial function. Results: Patients with severe OSAS had higher urinary 8-iso-PGF2 alpha (p<0.001) and serum NOX2 and lower NOx. A negative association was observed between FMD and OSA severity. Apnea/hypopnea index was significantly correlated with the indices of central obesity and with urinary 8-isoprostanes (r=0.298, p<0.001). The metabolic syndrome (t=-4.63, p<0.001) and urinary 8-isoprostanes (t=-2.02, p<0.05) were the only independent predictors of FMD. After 6-months nCPAP treatment, a significant decrease of serum NOX2, (p<0.005) and urinary 8-iso-PGF2 alpha (p<0.01) was observed, while serum NOx showed only a minor increase. A statistically significant increase of FMD was observed (from 3.6% to 7.0%). Conclusions: The results of our study indicate that patients with OSAS and cardiometabolic comorbidities have increased oxidative stress and arterial dysfunction that are partially reversed by nCPAP treatment.

Oxidative stress mediated arterial dysfunction in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea and the effect of continuous positive airway pressure treatment / DEL BEN, Maria; Fabiani, Mario; Loffredo, Lorenzo; Licia, Polimeni; Carnevale, Roberto; Brunori, Marco; Baratta, Francesco; Teresa, Augelletti; Violi, Francesco; Angelico, Francesco. - In: BMC PULMONARY MEDICINE. - ISSN 1471-2466. - STAMPA. - 12:1(2012), pp. 36-43. [10.1186/1471-2466-12-36]

Oxidative stress mediated arterial dysfunction in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea and the effect of continuous positive airway pressure treatment

DEL BEN, Maria;FABIANI, Mario;LOFFREDO, Lorenzo;CARNEVALE, Roberto;Marco Brunori;BARATTA, FRANCESCO;VIOLI, Francesco;ANGELICO, Francesco
2012

Abstract

Background: Several studies suggest an increase of oxidative stress and a reduction of endothelial function in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). We assessed the association between OSAS, endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress. Further aim was to evaluate the effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) on oxidative stress and arterial dysfunction. Methods: We studied 138 consecutive patients with heavy snoring and possible OSAS. Patients underwent unattended overnight home polysomnography. Ten patients with severe OSAS were revaluated after 6 months of nCPAP therapy. To assess oxidative stress in vivo, we measured urinary 8-iso-PGF2 alpha and serum levels of soluble NOX2-derived peptide (sNOX2-dp). Serum levels of nitrite/nitrate (NOx) were also determined. Flow-mediated brachial artery dilation (FMD) was measured to asses endothelial function. Results: Patients with severe OSAS had higher urinary 8-iso-PGF2 alpha (p<0.001) and serum NOX2 and lower NOx. A negative association was observed between FMD and OSA severity. Apnea/hypopnea index was significantly correlated with the indices of central obesity and with urinary 8-isoprostanes (r=0.298, p<0.001). The metabolic syndrome (t=-4.63, p<0.001) and urinary 8-isoprostanes (t=-2.02, p<0.05) were the only independent predictors of FMD. After 6-months nCPAP treatment, a significant decrease of serum NOX2, (p<0.005) and urinary 8-iso-PGF2 alpha (p<0.01) was observed, while serum NOx showed only a minor increase. A statistically significant increase of FMD was observed (from 3.6% to 7.0%). Conclusions: The results of our study indicate that patients with OSAS and cardiometabolic comorbidities have increased oxidative stress and arterial dysfunction that are partially reversed by nCPAP treatment.
2012
obstructive sleep apnoea; cpap; endothelial dysfunction; oxidative stress; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Oxidative stress mediated arterial dysfunction in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea and the effect of continuous positive airway pressure treatment / DEL BEN, Maria; Fabiani, Mario; Loffredo, Lorenzo; Licia, Polimeni; Carnevale, Roberto; Brunori, Marco; Baratta, Francesco; Teresa, Augelletti; Violi, Francesco; Angelico, Francesco. - In: BMC PULMONARY MEDICINE. - ISSN 1471-2466. - STAMPA. - 12:1(2012), pp. 36-43. [10.1186/1471-2466-12-36]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/458878
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