Here we identify the determinants of the nucleotide-binding ability associated with the P-loop-containing proteins, inferring their functional importance from their structural convergence to a unique three- dimensional (3D) motif. (1) A new surface 3D pattern is identified for the P-loop nucleotide-binding region, which is more selective than the corresponding sequence pattern; (2) the signature displays one residue that we propose is the determinant for the guanine-binding ability (the residues aligned to ras D119; this residue is known to be important only in the G-proteins, we extend the prediction to all the other P-loop- containing proteins); and (3) two cases of convergent evolution at the molecular level are highlighted in the analysis of the active site: the positive charge aligned to ras K117 and the arginine residues aligned to the GAP arginine finger. The analysis of the residues conserved on protein surfaces allows one to identify new functional or evolutionary relationships among protein structures that would not be detectable by conventional sequence or structure comparison methods.
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|Titolo:||3D view of the surface motif associated to the ploop structure: cis and trans cases of convergent evolution. J. Mol. Biol., 303 (4): 455-65.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|