Risk stratification is mandatory in the management of the postinfarction period. The identification of high-risk patients, on the basis of clinical data (recurrent angina, overt heart failure, etc.), is quite easy, whereas stratification of uncomplicated subjects needs an accurate noninvasive strategy. In the last 20 years, echocardiography has been gaining an increasing role, allowing increasingly precise evaluation of infarct size. This detection of the extent of infarct size has a definite prognostic value. Since 1980, we have observed that a dysfunctioning left ventricular myocardium >40% marked patients with a poor prognosis. These observations are most important in asymptomatic infarct patients, in whom clinical features may not reflect the amount of left ventricular dysfunction. Our recent results on a large series of patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) without overt heart failure have shown that the extension of wall motion abnormalities at 2-dimensional (20) echocardiography was highly predictive of cardiac death or new coronary events in a 3-year follow-up (univariate analysis; p <0.0005). Echocardiography also plays an important role in detecting postinfarct ischemia, as seen by its wide use during stress tests. In our experience, the response to exercise echocardiographic testing has a high prognostic value. In fact, in our series, univariate analysis (Kaplan-Meier) showed that the best predictors of coronary events were the number of markers of ischemia during exercise (p <0.00001), the work load (p <0.00001), a positive exercise echo (p <0.0005), and the echo score at rest (p <0.0005). Multivariate analysis (Cox) confirmed these data: number of markers of ischemia: odds ratio (OR) 4.45, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5-13.1;work load: OR 2.46, CI 1.3-4.5; positive exercise echo OR 1.88, CI 1.1-3.2. Thus, serial echocardiography together with predischarge stress echocardiography is recommended for risk stratification after acute MI. In particular, in thrombolytic-treated patients, echo examinations allow the detection of functional recovery of viable reperfused myocardium whereas stress echo may show exercise-induced worsening in the region supplied by the infarct-related vessel, a predictor of a higher rate of coronary events. (C) 1998 by Excerpta Medico, Inc.

Clinical impact of echocardiography in prognostic stratification after acute myocardial infarction / Maria, Penco; Sciomer, Susanna; Vizza, Carmine Dario; Dagianti, Alessandra; Vitarelli, Antonino; Silvio, Romano; Dagianti, Armando. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9149. - STAMPA. - 81:12 A(1998), pp. 17G-20G. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 9th International Congress on Echocardiography - Clinical Cardiology tenutosi a ROME, ITALY nel FEB 05-08, 1997 [10.1016/s0002-9149(98)00048-4].

Clinical impact of echocardiography in prognostic stratification after acute myocardial infarction

SCIOMER, Susanna;VIZZA, Carmine Dario;DAGIANTI, Alessandra;VITARELLI, Antonino;DAGIANTI, Armando
1998

Abstract

Risk stratification is mandatory in the management of the postinfarction period. The identification of high-risk patients, on the basis of clinical data (recurrent angina, overt heart failure, etc.), is quite easy, whereas stratification of uncomplicated subjects needs an accurate noninvasive strategy. In the last 20 years, echocardiography has been gaining an increasing role, allowing increasingly precise evaluation of infarct size. This detection of the extent of infarct size has a definite prognostic value. Since 1980, we have observed that a dysfunctioning left ventricular myocardium >40% marked patients with a poor prognosis. These observations are most important in asymptomatic infarct patients, in whom clinical features may not reflect the amount of left ventricular dysfunction. Our recent results on a large series of patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) without overt heart failure have shown that the extension of wall motion abnormalities at 2-dimensional (20) echocardiography was highly predictive of cardiac death or new coronary events in a 3-year follow-up (univariate analysis; p <0.0005). Echocardiography also plays an important role in detecting postinfarct ischemia, as seen by its wide use during stress tests. In our experience, the response to exercise echocardiographic testing has a high prognostic value. In fact, in our series, univariate analysis (Kaplan-Meier) showed that the best predictors of coronary events were the number of markers of ischemia during exercise (p <0.00001), the work load (p <0.00001), a positive exercise echo (p <0.0005), and the echo score at rest (p <0.0005). Multivariate analysis (Cox) confirmed these data: number of markers of ischemia: odds ratio (OR) 4.45, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5-13.1;work load: OR 2.46, CI 1.3-4.5; positive exercise echo OR 1.88, CI 1.1-3.2. Thus, serial echocardiography together with predischarge stress echocardiography is recommended for risk stratification after acute MI. In particular, in thrombolytic-treated patients, echo examinations allow the detection of functional recovery of viable reperfused myocardium whereas stress echo may show exercise-induced worsening in the region supplied by the infarct-related vessel, a predictor of a higher rate of coronary events. (C) 1998 by Excerpta Medico, Inc.
acute myocardial infarction; echocardiography; prognosis
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Clinical impact of echocardiography in prognostic stratification after acute myocardial infarction / Maria, Penco; Sciomer, Susanna; Vizza, Carmine Dario; Dagianti, Alessandra; Vitarelli, Antonino; Silvio, Romano; Dagianti, Armando. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9149. - STAMPA. - 81:12 A(1998), pp. 17G-20G. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 9th International Congress on Echocardiography - Clinical Cardiology tenutosi a ROME, ITALY nel FEB 05-08, 1997 [10.1016/s0002-9149(98)00048-4].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/243789
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