BACKGROUND: Color kinesis (CK) is a recently developed echocardiographic technique based on acoustic quantification that automatically tracks and displays endocardial motion in real time and has been used in initial studies to improve the evaluation of global and regional wall motion. HYPOTHESIS: For further validation of the use of CK for analysis of segmental ventricular dysfunction, we assessed its sensitivity and specificity for detection of regional systolic and diastolic wall motion abnormalities in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiography and CK were used to study 15 normal subjects and 63 patients with technically good quality echocardiographic tracings, who underwent coronary arteriography within 1 month of echocardiography. Significant (> 70% luminal diameter stenosis) CAD was present in 50 patients (79%). RESULTS: Color kinesis tracked endocardial motion accurately in 93% of left ventricular segments. Wall motion score, systolic segmental endocardial motion (SEM), and the time of systolic SEM (tSEM) and diastolic (tDEM) segmental endocardial motion were calculated. Intra- and interobserver variability were within narrow limits. SEM and tSEM were significantly lower and tDEM was significantly higher in the patient population than in the control group (p < 0.001). Comparison between CK and 2-D echocardiography showed a correlation coefficient of 0.81 between the two techniques. The score was identically graded in 74% of segments, with concordance of 82% in diagnosing segments as abnormal. Interobserver concordance was 86% for CK (r = 0.85) and 81% for 2-D echocardiography (r = 0.80). The sensitivity and specificity of systolic and diastolic CK parameters for the detection of CAD were 88 and 92% and 77 and 85%, respectively. The positive predictive values were 93 and 96%, respectively, the negative predictive values were 63 and 73%, respectively, and the overall accuracy was 86 and 91%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that CK is a feasible and sensitive technique for identifying regional systolic as well as diastolic wall motion abnormalities in patients with CAD.

Detection of left ventricular systolic and diastolic abnormalities in patients with coronary artery disease by color kinesis / Vitarelli, Antonino; Sciomer, Susanna; Mauro, Schina; FERRO LUZZI, Manfredi; Dagianti, Armando. - In: CLINICAL CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0160-9289. - STAMPA. - 20:11(1997), pp. 927-933. ((Intervento presentato al convegno National Annual Meeting of the American-Federation-of-Clinical-Research tenutosi a WASHINGTON, DC nel MAY 03-06, 1996 [10.1002/clc.4960201106].

Detection of left ventricular systolic and diastolic abnormalities in patients with coronary artery disease by color kinesis

VITARELLI, Antonino;SCIOMER, Susanna;FERRO LUZZI, Manfredi;DAGIANTI, Armando
1997

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Color kinesis (CK) is a recently developed echocardiographic technique based on acoustic quantification that automatically tracks and displays endocardial motion in real time and has been used in initial studies to improve the evaluation of global and regional wall motion. HYPOTHESIS: For further validation of the use of CK for analysis of segmental ventricular dysfunction, we assessed its sensitivity and specificity for detection of regional systolic and diastolic wall motion abnormalities in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiography and CK were used to study 15 normal subjects and 63 patients with technically good quality echocardiographic tracings, who underwent coronary arteriography within 1 month of echocardiography. Significant (> 70% luminal diameter stenosis) CAD was present in 50 patients (79%). RESULTS: Color kinesis tracked endocardial motion accurately in 93% of left ventricular segments. Wall motion score, systolic segmental endocardial motion (SEM), and the time of systolic SEM (tSEM) and diastolic (tDEM) segmental endocardial motion were calculated. Intra- and interobserver variability were within narrow limits. SEM and tSEM were significantly lower and tDEM was significantly higher in the patient population than in the control group (p < 0.001). Comparison between CK and 2-D echocardiography showed a correlation coefficient of 0.81 between the two techniques. The score was identically graded in 74% of segments, with concordance of 82% in diagnosing segments as abnormal. Interobserver concordance was 86% for CK (r = 0.85) and 81% for 2-D echocardiography (r = 0.80). The sensitivity and specificity of systolic and diastolic CK parameters for the detection of CAD were 88 and 92% and 77 and 85%, respectively. The positive predictive values were 93 and 96%, respectively, the negative predictive values were 63 and 73%, respectively, and the overall accuracy was 86 and 91%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that CK is a feasible and sensitive technique for identifying regional systolic as well as diastolic wall motion abnormalities in patients with CAD.
acoustic quantification; cardiac imaging; color kinesis; coronary artery disease; diastolic function; echocardiography; myocardia contraction; myocardial contraction; regional ventricular dysfunction
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Detection of left ventricular systolic and diastolic abnormalities in patients with coronary artery disease by color kinesis / Vitarelli, Antonino; Sciomer, Susanna; Mauro, Schina; FERRO LUZZI, Manfredi; Dagianti, Armando. - In: CLINICAL CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0160-9289. - STAMPA. - 20:11(1997), pp. 927-933. ((Intervento presentato al convegno National Annual Meeting of the American-Federation-of-Clinical-Research tenutosi a WASHINGTON, DC nel MAY 03-06, 1996 [10.1002/clc.4960201106].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/242381
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