Background: Idiopathic CD4+ lymphocytopenia is defined by a stable decrease of CD4+ T cells in the absence of any known cause of immune deficiency. The mechanisms responsible for the immunological impairment are still unknown, but a regenerative failure of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells has been hypothesized. Methods: We evaluated in the bone marrow ( BM) of 5 patients with idiopathic CD4+ lymphocytopenia the phenotype of BM progenitor cells, their differentiation capacity with colony-forming cells and long-term culture-initiating cell assays, in parallel with the spontaneous IL-7 production in the patient sera. Results: Compared with controls, a regenerative failure of hematopoietic stem cells has been observed, both in 'committed' and in 'uncommitted' progenitor cells, despite high IL-7 serum levels. The percentage of phenotypically primitive CD34+ CD38-DR+ cells ( this includes the lymphoid precursor cells) was decreased, suggesting an involvement of the more primitive BM compartment in the de novo T cell generation. Conclusions: Despite the low number of patients, due to the low incidence of the disease, the decrease of primitive precursors sustains the possibility that diminished stem cell precursors might contribute to the development of CD4+ T cell depletion. Copyright (C) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Idiopathic CD4+ lymphocytopenia may be due to decreased bone marrow clonogenic capability / A., Isgro; Sirianni, Maria Caterina; Maria Caterina, Gramiccioni; Mezzaroma, Ivano; Fantauzzi, Alessandra; Aiuti, Fernando. - In: INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF ALLERGY AND IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 1018-2438. - STAMPA. - 136:4(2005), pp. 379-384. [10.1159/000084258]

Idiopathic CD4+ lymphocytopenia may be due to decreased bone marrow clonogenic capability

SIRIANNI, Maria Caterina;MEZZAROMA, Ivano;FANTAUZZI, Alessandra;AIUTI, Fernando
2005

Abstract

Background: Idiopathic CD4+ lymphocytopenia is defined by a stable decrease of CD4+ T cells in the absence of any known cause of immune deficiency. The mechanisms responsible for the immunological impairment are still unknown, but a regenerative failure of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells has been hypothesized. Methods: We evaluated in the bone marrow ( BM) of 5 patients with idiopathic CD4+ lymphocytopenia the phenotype of BM progenitor cells, their differentiation capacity with colony-forming cells and long-term culture-initiating cell assays, in parallel with the spontaneous IL-7 production in the patient sera. Results: Compared with controls, a regenerative failure of hematopoietic stem cells has been observed, both in 'committed' and in 'uncommitted' progenitor cells, despite high IL-7 serum levels. The percentage of phenotypically primitive CD34+ CD38-DR+ cells ( this includes the lymphoid precursor cells) was decreased, suggesting an involvement of the more primitive BM compartment in the de novo T cell generation. Conclusions: Despite the low number of patients, due to the low incidence of the disease, the decrease of primitive precursors sustains the possibility that diminished stem cell precursors might contribute to the development of CD4+ T cell depletion. Copyright (C) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.
bone marrow; cd4+ lymphocytopenia; idiopathic; cd4+lymphocytopenia; cytokines; stem cells
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Idiopathic CD4+ lymphocytopenia may be due to decreased bone marrow clonogenic capability / A., Isgro; Sirianni, Maria Caterina; Maria Caterina, Gramiccioni; Mezzaroma, Ivano; Fantauzzi, Alessandra; Aiuti, Fernando. - In: INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF ALLERGY AND IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 1018-2438. - STAMPA. - 136:4(2005), pp. 379-384. [10.1159/000084258]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/236991
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