The involvement of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of rheumatic disorders, such as systemic sclerosis (SSc) and chronic polyarthritides, has been suggested yet not thoroughly verified experimentally. We analysed 4 plasmatic parameters of oxidative stress in patients with SSc (n = 17), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) (n = 10) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (n = 9) compared with healthy subjects (n = 22). The biomarkers were: total antioxidant capacity (TAC) measured by ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) method, hydroperoxides determined by ferrous ion oxidation in presence of xylenol orange (FOX) method and sulfhydryl and carbonyl groups assessed by spectrophotometric assays. The results showed significantly increased hydroperoxides in SSc, PsA and RA (3.97 +/- 2.25, 4.87 +/- 2.18 and 5.13 +/- 2.36 mu mol L-1, respectively) compared with the control group (2.31 +/- 1.40 mu mol L-1; P < 0.05). Sulfhydryls were significantly lower in SSc (0.466 +/- 0.081 mmol L-1), PsA (0.477 +/- 0.059 mmol L-1) and RA (0.439 +/- 0.065 mmol L-1) compared with the control group (0.547 +/- 0.066 mmol L-1; P < 0.05). TAC in all three diseases showed no difference in comparison with controls. Carbonyls were significantly higher in RA than in the control group (32.1 +/- 42 vs 2.21 +/- 1.0 nmol (mg protein)(-1); P < 0.05). The obtained data indicate augmented free radical-mediated injury in these rheumatic diseases and suggest a role for the use of antioxidants in prevention and treatment of these pathologies.

Oxidative stress parameters in different systemic rheumatic diseases / Omidreza, Firuzi; Leos, Fuksa; Chiara, Spadaro; Iva, Bousova; Riccieri, Valeria; Spadaro, Antonio; Petrucci, Rita; Marrosu, Giancarlo; Saso, Luciano. - In: JOURNAL OF PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3573. - STAMPA. - 58:7(2006), pp. 951-957. [10.1211/jpp.58.7.0010]

Oxidative stress parameters in different systemic rheumatic diseases

RICCIERI, Valeria;SPADARO, Antonio;PETRUCCI, Rita;MARROSU, Giancarlo;SASO, Luciano
2006

Abstract

The involvement of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of rheumatic disorders, such as systemic sclerosis (SSc) and chronic polyarthritides, has been suggested yet not thoroughly verified experimentally. We analysed 4 plasmatic parameters of oxidative stress in patients with SSc (n = 17), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) (n = 10) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (n = 9) compared with healthy subjects (n = 22). The biomarkers were: total antioxidant capacity (TAC) measured by ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) method, hydroperoxides determined by ferrous ion oxidation in presence of xylenol orange (FOX) method and sulfhydryl and carbonyl groups assessed by spectrophotometric assays. The results showed significantly increased hydroperoxides in SSc, PsA and RA (3.97 +/- 2.25, 4.87 +/- 2.18 and 5.13 +/- 2.36 mu mol L-1, respectively) compared with the control group (2.31 +/- 1.40 mu mol L-1; P < 0.05). Sulfhydryls were significantly lower in SSc (0.466 +/- 0.081 mmol L-1), PsA (0.477 +/- 0.059 mmol L-1) and RA (0.439 +/- 0.065 mmol L-1) compared with the control group (0.547 +/- 0.066 mmol L-1; P < 0.05). TAC in all three diseases showed no difference in comparison with controls. Carbonyls were significantly higher in RA than in the control group (32.1 +/- 42 vs 2.21 +/- 1.0 nmol (mg protein)(-1); P < 0.05). The obtained data indicate augmented free radical-mediated injury in these rheumatic diseases and suggest a role for the use of antioxidants in prevention and treatment of these pathologies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/231015
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