Oxidative stress is a widespread challenge for living organisms, and especially so for parasitic ones, given the fact that their hosts can produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a mechanism of defense. Thus, long lived parasites, such as the flatworm Schistosomes, have evolved refined enzymatic systems capable of detoxifying ROS. Among these, glutathione peroxidases (Gpx) are a family of sulfur or selenium-dependent isozymes sharing the ability to reduce peroxides using the reducing equivalents provided by glutathione or possibly small proteins such as thioredoxin. As for other frontline antioxidant enzymatic systems, Gpxs are localized in the tegument of the Schistosomes the outermost defense layer. In this article, we present the first crystal structure at 1.0 and 1.7 angstrom resolution of two recombinant SmGpxs, carrying the active site mutations Sec43Cys and Sec43Ser, respectively. The structures confirm that this enzyme belongs to the monomeric class 4 (phospholipid hydroperoxide) Gpx. In the case of the Sec to Cys mutant, the catalytic Cys residue is oxidized to sulfonic acid. By combining static crystallography with molecular dynamics simulations, we obtained insight into the substrate binding sites and the conformational changes relevant to catalysis, proposing a role for the unusual reactivity of the catalytic residue. Proteins 2010;78:259-270. (C) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Combining crystallography and molecular dynamics: The case of Schistosoma mansoni phospholipid glutathione peroxidase / Dimastrogiovanni, Daniela; Anselmi, Massimiliano; Miele, Adriana Erica; Boumis, Giovanna; Linn, Petersson; Angelucci, Francesco; DI NOLA, Alfredo; Brunori, Maurizio; Bellelli, Andrea. - In: PROTEINS. - ISSN 0887-3585. - STAMPA. - 78:2(2010), pp. 259-270. [10.1002/prot.22536]

Combining crystallography and molecular dynamics: The case of Schistosoma mansoni phospholipid glutathione peroxidase

DIMASTROGIOVANNI, Daniela;ANSELMI, MASSIMILIANO;MIELE, Adriana Erica;BOUMIS, Giovanna;ANGELUCCI, Francesco;DI NOLA, Alfredo;BRUNORI, Maurizio;BELLELLI, Andrea
2010

Abstract

Oxidative stress is a widespread challenge for living organisms, and especially so for parasitic ones, given the fact that their hosts can produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a mechanism of defense. Thus, long lived parasites, such as the flatworm Schistosomes, have evolved refined enzymatic systems capable of detoxifying ROS. Among these, glutathione peroxidases (Gpx) are a family of sulfur or selenium-dependent isozymes sharing the ability to reduce peroxides using the reducing equivalents provided by glutathione or possibly small proteins such as thioredoxin. As for other frontline antioxidant enzymatic systems, Gpxs are localized in the tegument of the Schistosomes the outermost defense layer. In this article, we present the first crystal structure at 1.0 and 1.7 angstrom resolution of two recombinant SmGpxs, carrying the active site mutations Sec43Cys and Sec43Ser, respectively. The structures confirm that this enzyme belongs to the monomeric class 4 (phospholipid hydroperoxide) Gpx. In the case of the Sec to Cys mutant, the catalytic Cys residue is oxidized to sulfonic acid. By combining static crystallography with molecular dynamics simulations, we obtained insight into the substrate binding sites and the conformational changes relevant to catalysis, proposing a role for the unusual reactivity of the catalytic residue. Proteins 2010;78:259-270. (C) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
atomic resolution crystal structure; lipid gsh peroxidase; molecular dynamics simulations; ros detoxification pathway; schistosomiasis
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Combining crystallography and molecular dynamics: The case of Schistosoma mansoni phospholipid glutathione peroxidase / Dimastrogiovanni, Daniela; Anselmi, Massimiliano; Miele, Adriana Erica; Boumis, Giovanna; Linn, Petersson; Angelucci, Francesco; DI NOLA, Alfredo; Brunori, Maurizio; Bellelli, Andrea. - In: PROTEINS. - ISSN 0887-3585. - STAMPA. - 78:2(2010), pp. 259-270. [10.1002/prot.22536]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/228075
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