Feedback linearization is a viable nonlinear control technique for solving trajectory tracking problems in robots with (and without) elastic joints. However, the additional presence of dissipative effects due to joint viscosity destroys full state feedback linearizability. For robots with visco-elastic joints, the use of a static state feedback can achieve at most input-output linearization and decoupling, since an internal nonlinear dynamics is left in the closed-loop system. Although the stability properties of this unobservable dynamics still guarantee perfect output tracking in nominal conditions, control design based on static feedback becomes ill-conditioned as joint viscosity decreases. Instead, resorting to a nonlinear dynamic state feedback leads to the same closed-loop properties, but with a regularized control effort for any level of joint viscosity and elasticity. Static and dynamic nonlinear feedback control designs are presented for a reduced and a complete dynamic model of visco-elastic joint robots. A numerical comparison on a simple case study illustrates the benefits of the dynamic input-output linearization approach.
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|Titolo:||On the control of robots with visco-elastic joints|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Citazione:||On the control of robots with visco-elastic joints / DE LUCA, Alessandro; R., Farina; P., Lucibello. - 2005(2005), pp. 4297-4302. ((Intervento presentato al convegno IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) tenutosi a Barcelona, SPAIN nel APR 18-22, 2005.|
|Appare nella tipologia:||04b Atto di convegno in volume|