The Critical Assessment of Genome Interpretation (CAGI) aims to advance the state-of-the-art for computational prediction of genetic variant impact, particularly where relevant to disease. The five complete editions of the CAGI community experiment comprised 50 challenges, in which participants made blind predictions of phenotypes from genetic data, and these were evaluated by independent assessors. Performance was particularly strong for clinical pathogenic variants, including some difficult-to-diagnose cases, and extends to interpretation of cancer-related variants. Missense variant interpretation methods were able to estimate biochemical effects with increasing accuracy. Assessment of methods for regulatory variants and complex trait disease risk was less definitive and indicates performance potentially suitable for auxiliary use in the clinic. Results show that while current methods are imperfect, they have major utility for research and clinical applications. Emerging methods and increasingly large, robust datasets for training and assessment promise further progress ahead.

Critical assessment of genome interpretation consortium. CAGI, the critical assessment of genome interpretation, establishes progress and pprospects for computational genetic variant interpretation methods / Jain, Shantanu; Bakolitsa, Constantina; E Brenner, Steven; Radivojac, Predrag; Moult, John; Repo, Susanna; A Hoskins, Roger; Andreoletti, Gaia; Barsky, Daniel; Chellapan, Ajithavalli; Chu, Hoyin; Dabbiru, Navya; K Kollipara, Naveen; Ly, Melissa; J Neumann, Andrew; R Pal, Lipika; Odell, Eric; Pandey, Gaurav; C Peters-Petrulewicz, Robin; Srinivasan, Rajgopal; F Yee, Stephen; Jyothsna Yeleswarapu, Sri; Zuhl, Maya; Adebali, Ogun; Patra, Ayoti; A Beer, Michael; Hosur, Raghavendra; Peng, Jian; M Bernard, Brady; Berry, Michael; Dong, Shengcheng; P Boyle, Alan; Adhikari, Aashish; Chen, Jingqi; Hu, Zhiqiang; Wang, Robert; Wang, Yaqiong; Miller, Maximilian; Wang, Yanran; Bromberg, Yana; Turina, Paola; Capriotti, Emidio; J Han, James; Ozturk, Kivilcim; Carter, Hannah; Babbi, Giulia; Bovo, Samuele; Di Lena, Pietro; Luigi Martelli, Pier; Savojardo, Castrense; Casadio, Rita; S Cline, Melissa; De Baets, Greet; Bonache, Sandra; Díez, Orland; Gutiérrez-Enríquez, Sara; Fernández, Alejandro; Montalban, Gemma; Ootes, Lars; Özkan, Selen; Padilla, Natàlia; Riera, Casandra; De la Cruz, Xavier; Diekhans, Mark; J Huwe, Peter; Wei, Qiong; Xu, Qifang; L Dunbrack, Roland; Gotea, Valer; Elnitski, Laura; Margolin, Gennady; Fariselli, Piero; V Kulakovskiy, Ivan; J Makeev, Vsevolod; D Penzar, Dmitry; E Vorontsov, Ilya; V Favorov, Alexander; R Forman, Julia; Hasenahuer, Marcia; S Fornasari, Maria; Parisi, Gustavo; Avsec, Ziga; H Çelik, Muhammed; Yen Duong Nguyen, Thi; Gagneur, Julien; Shi, Fang-Yuan; D Edwards, Matthew; Guo, Yuchun; Tian, Kevin; Zeng, Haoyang; K Gifford, David; Göke, Jonathan; Zaucha, Jan; Gough, Julian; S Ritchie, Graham R; Frankish, Adam; M Mudge, Jonathan; Harrow, Jennifer; L Young, Erin; Yu, Yao; D Huff, Chad; Murakami, Katsuhiko; Nagai, Yoko; Imanishi, Tadashi; J Mungall, Christopher; B Jacobsen, Julius O; Kim, Dongsup; Jeong, Chan-Seok; T Jones, David; Jun Li, Mulin; Beleva Guthrie, Violeta; Bhattacharya, Rohit; Chen, Yun-Ching; Douville, Christopher; Fan, Jean; Kim, Dewey; Masica, David; Niknafs, Noushin; Sengupta, Sohini; Tokheim, Collin; N Turner, Tychele; Ting Grace Yeo, Hui; Karchin, Rachel; Shin, Sunyoung; Welch, Rene; Keles, Sunduz; Li, Yue; Kellis, Manolis; Corbi-Verge, Carles; V Strokach, Alexey; M Kim, Philip; E Klein, Teri; Mohan, Rahul; A Sinnott-Armstrong, Nicholas; Wainberg, Michael; Kundaje, Anshul; Gonzaludo, Nina; Y Mak, Angel C; Chhibber, Aparna; K Lam, Hugo Y; Dahary, Dvir; Fishilevich, Simon; Lancet, Doron; Lee, Insuk; Bachman, Benjamin; Katsonis, Panagiotis; C Lua, Rhonald; J Wilson, Stephen; Lichtarge, Olivier; R Bhat, Rajendra; Sundaram, Laksshman; Viswanath, Vivek; Bellazzi, Riccardo; Nicora, Giovanna; Rizzo, Ettore; Limongelli, Ivan; M Mezlini, Aziz; Chang, Ray; Kim, Serra; Lai, Carmen; O'Connor, Robert; Topper, Scott; van den Akker, Jeroen; Y Zhou, Alicia; D Zimmer, Anjali; Mishne, Gilad; R Bergquist, Timothy; R Breese, Marcus; F Guerrero, Rafael; Jiang, Yuxiang; Kiga, Nikki; Li, Biao; Mort, Matthew; A Pagel, Kymberleigh; Pejaver, Vikas; H Stamboulian, Moses; Thusberg, Janita; D Mooney, Sean; Teerakulkittipong, Nuttinee; Cao, Chen; Kundu, Kunal; Yin, Yizhou; Yu, Chen-Hsin; Kleyman, Michael; Lin, Chiao-Feng; Stackpole, Mary; M Mount, Stephen; Eraslan, Gökcen; S Mueller, Nikola; Naito, Tatsuhiko; R Rao, Aliz; R Azaria, Johnathan; Brodie, Aharon; Ofran, Yanay; Garg, Aditi; Pal, Debnath; Hawkins-Hooker, Alex; Kenlay, Henry; Reid, John; J Mucaki, Eliseos; K Rogan, Peter; M Schwarz, Jana; B Searls, David; Rie Lee, Gyu; Seok, Chaok; Krämer, Andreas; Shah, Sohela; V Huang, Chenglai; F Kirsch, Jack; Shatsky, Maxim; Cao, Yue; Chen, Haoran; Karimi, Mostafa; Moronfoye, Oluwaseyi; Sun, Yuanfei; Shen, Yang; Shigeta, Ron; T Ford, Colby; Nodzak, Conor; Uppal, Aneeta; Shi, Xinghua; Joseph, Thomas; Kotte, Sujatha; Rana, Sadhna; Rao, Aditya; G Saipradeep, V; Sivadasan, Naveen; Sunderam, Uma; Stanke, Mario; Su, Andrew; Adzhubey, Ivan; M Jordan, Daniel; Sunyaev, Shamil; Rousseau, Frederic; Schymkowitz, Joost; Van Durme, Joost; V Tavtigian, Sean; Carraro, Marco; Giollo, Manuel; E Tosatto, Silvio C; Adato, Orit; Carmel, Liran; E Cohen, Noa; Fenesh, Tzila; Holtzer, Tamar; Juven-Gershon, Tamar; Unger, Ron; Niroula, Abhishek; Olatubosun, Ayodeji; Väliaho, Jouni; Yang, Yang; Vihinen, Mauno; E Wahl, Mary; Chang, Billy; Chun Chong, Ka; Hu, Inchi; Sun, Rui; Ka Kei Wu, William; Xia, Xiaoxuan; C Zee, Benny; H Wang, Maggie; Wang, Meng; Wu, Chunlei; Lu, Yutong; Chen, Ken; Yang, Yuedong; M Yates, Christopher; Kreimer, Anat; Yan, Zhongxia; Yosef, Nir; Zhao, Huying; Wei, Zhipeng; Yao, Zhaomin; Zhou, Fengfeng; Folkman, Lukas; Zhou, Yaoqi; Daneshjou, Roxana; B Altman, Russ; Inoue, Fumitaka; Ahituv, Nadav; P Arkin, Adam; Lovisa, Federica; Bonvini, Paolo; Bowdin, Sarah; Gianni, Stefano; Mantuano, Elide; Minicozzi, Velia; Novak, Leonore; Pasquo, Alessandra; Pastore, Annalisa; Petrosino, Maria; Puglisi, Rita; Toto, Angelo; Veneziano, Liana; Chiaraluce, Roberta; P Ball, Mad; R Bobe, Jason; M Church, George; Consalvi, Valerio; N Cooper, David; A Buckley, Bethany; B Sheridan, Molly; R Cutting, Garry; Chiara Scaini, Maria; J Cygan, Kamil; M Fredericks, Alger; T Glidden, David; Neil, Christopher; L Rhine, Christy; G Fairbrother, William; Y Alontaga, Aileen; W Fenton, Aron; A Matreyek, Kenneth; M Starita, Lea; M Fowler, Douglas; Löscher, Britt-Sabina; Franke, Andre; I Adamson, Scott; R Graveley, Brenton; W Gray, Joe; J Malloy, Mary; P Kane, John; Kousi, Maria; Katsanis, Nicholas; Schubach, Max; Kircher, Martin; Y Mak, Angel C; F Tang, Paul L; Kwok, Pui-Yan; H Lathrop, Richard; T Clark, Wyatt; K Yu, Guoying; H LeBowitz, Jonathan; Benedicenti, Francesco; Bettella, Elisa; Bigoni, Stefania; Cesca, Federica; Mammi, Isabella; Marino-Buslje, Cristina; Milani, Donatella; Peron, Angela; Polli, Roberta; Sartori, Stefano; Stanzial, Franco; Toldo, Irene; Turolla, Licia; C Aspromonte, Maria; Bellini, Mariagrazia; Leonardi, Emanuela; Liu, Xiaoming; Marshall, Christian; Richard McCombie, W; Elefanti, Lisa; Menin, Chiara; Stephen Meyn, M; Murgia, Alessandra; Y Nadeau, Kari C; L Neuhausen, Susan; L Nussbaum, Robert; Pirooznia, Mehdi; B Potash, James; F Dimster-Denk, Dago; D Rine, Jasper; R Sanford, Jeremy; Snyder, Michael; G Cote, Atina; Sun, Song; W Verby, Marta; Weile, Jochen; P Roth, Frederick; Tewhey, Ryan; C Sabeti, Pardis; Campagna, Joan; M Refaat, Marwan; Wojciak, Julianne; Grubb, Soren; Schmitt, Nicole; Shendure, Jay; B Spurdle, Amanda; J Stavropoulos, Dimitri; A Walton, Nephi; P Zandi, Peter; Ziv, Elad; Burke, Wylie; Chen, Flavia; R Carr, Lawrence; Martinez, Selena; Paik, Jodi; Harris-Wai, Julie; Yarborough, Mark; M Fullerton, Stephanie; A Koenig, Barbara; Mcinnes, Gregory; Shigaki, Dustin; Chandonia, John-Marc; Furutsuki, Mabel; Kasak, Laura; Yu, Changhua; Chen, Rui; Friedberg, Iddo; A Getz, Gad; Cong, Qian; N Kinch, Lisa; Zhang, Jing; V Grishin, Nick; Voskanian, Alin; G Kann, Maricel; Tran, Elizabeth; M Ioannidis, Nilah; M Hunter, Jesse; Udani, Rupa; Cai, Binghuang; A Morgan, Alexander; Sokolov, Artem; M Stuart, Joshua; Minervini, Giovanni; M Monzon, Alexander; Batzoglou, Serafim; J Butte, Atul; S Greenblatt, Marc; K Hart, Reece; Hernandez, Ryan; P Hubbard, Tim J; Kahn, Scott; O'Donnell-Luria, Anne; C Ng, Pauline; Shon, John; Veltman, Joris; M Zook, Justin. - In: GENOME BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1474-760X. - 22:22;25(1):53.(2024), pp. 1-46. [10.1186/s13059-023-03113-6]

Critical assessment of genome interpretation consortium. CAGI, the critical assessment of genome interpretation, establishes progress and pprospects for computational genetic variant interpretation methods.

Stefano Gianni;Leonore Novak;Maria Petrosino;Angelo Toto;Roberta Chiaraluce;Valerio Consalvi;
2024

Abstract

The Critical Assessment of Genome Interpretation (CAGI) aims to advance the state-of-the-art for computational prediction of genetic variant impact, particularly where relevant to disease. The five complete editions of the CAGI community experiment comprised 50 challenges, in which participants made blind predictions of phenotypes from genetic data, and these were evaluated by independent assessors. Performance was particularly strong for clinical pathogenic variants, including some difficult-to-diagnose cases, and extends to interpretation of cancer-related variants. Missense variant interpretation methods were able to estimate biochemical effects with increasing accuracy. Assessment of methods for regulatory variants and complex trait disease risk was less definitive and indicates performance potentially suitable for auxiliary use in the clinic. Results show that while current methods are imperfect, they have major utility for research and clinical applications. Emerging methods and increasingly large, robust datasets for training and assessment promise further progress ahead.
2024
genetic variants; missense mutations; protein stability
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Critical assessment of genome interpretation consortium. CAGI, the critical assessment of genome interpretation, establishes progress and pprospects for computational genetic variant interpretation methods / Jain, Shantanu; Bakolitsa, Constantina; E Brenner, Steven; Radivojac, Predrag; Moult, John; Repo, Susanna; A Hoskins, Roger; Andreoletti, Gaia; Barsky, Daniel; Chellapan, Ajithavalli; Chu, Hoyin; Dabbiru, Navya; K Kollipara, Naveen; Ly, Melissa; J Neumann, Andrew; R Pal, Lipika; Odell, Eric; Pandey, Gaurav; C Peters-Petrulewicz, Robin; Srinivasan, Rajgopal; F Yee, Stephen; Jyothsna Yeleswarapu, Sri; Zuhl, Maya; Adebali, Ogun; Patra, Ayoti; A Beer, Michael; Hosur, Raghavendra; Peng, Jian; M Bernard, Brady; Berry, Michael; Dong, Shengcheng; P Boyle, Alan; Adhikari, Aashish; Chen, Jingqi; Hu, Zhiqiang; Wang, Robert; Wang, Yaqiong; Miller, Maximilian; Wang, Yanran; Bromberg, Yana; Turina, Paola; Capriotti, Emidio; J Han, James; Ozturk, Kivilcim; Carter, Hannah; Babbi, Giulia; Bovo, Samuele; Di Lena, Pietro; Luigi Martelli, Pier; Savojardo, Castrense; Casadio, Rita; S Cline, Melissa; De Baets, Greet; Bonache, Sandra; Díez, Orland; Gutiérrez-Enríquez, Sara; Fernández, Alejandro; Montalban, Gemma; Ootes, Lars; Özkan, Selen; Padilla, Natàlia; Riera, Casandra; De la Cruz, Xavier; Diekhans, Mark; J Huwe, Peter; Wei, Qiong; Xu, Qifang; L Dunbrack, Roland; Gotea, Valer; Elnitski, Laura; Margolin, Gennady; Fariselli, Piero; V Kulakovskiy, Ivan; J Makeev, Vsevolod; D Penzar, Dmitry; E Vorontsov, Ilya; V Favorov, Alexander; R Forman, Julia; Hasenahuer, Marcia; S Fornasari, Maria; Parisi, Gustavo; Avsec, Ziga; H Çelik, Muhammed; Yen Duong Nguyen, Thi; Gagneur, Julien; Shi, Fang-Yuan; D Edwards, Matthew; Guo, Yuchun; Tian, Kevin; Zeng, Haoyang; K Gifford, David; Göke, Jonathan; Zaucha, Jan; Gough, Julian; S Ritchie, Graham R; Frankish, Adam; M Mudge, Jonathan; Harrow, Jennifer; L Young, Erin; Yu, Yao; D Huff, Chad; Murakami, Katsuhiko; Nagai, Yoko; Imanishi, Tadashi; J Mungall, Christopher; B Jacobsen, Julius O; Kim, Dongsup; Jeong, Chan-Seok; T Jones, David; Jun Li, Mulin; Beleva Guthrie, Violeta; Bhattacharya, Rohit; Chen, Yun-Ching; Douville, Christopher; Fan, Jean; Kim, Dewey; Masica, David; Niknafs, Noushin; Sengupta, Sohini; Tokheim, Collin; N Turner, Tychele; Ting Grace Yeo, Hui; Karchin, Rachel; Shin, Sunyoung; Welch, Rene; Keles, Sunduz; Li, Yue; Kellis, Manolis; Corbi-Verge, Carles; V Strokach, Alexey; M Kim, Philip; E Klein, Teri; Mohan, Rahul; A Sinnott-Armstrong, Nicholas; Wainberg, Michael; Kundaje, Anshul; Gonzaludo, Nina; Y Mak, Angel C; Chhibber, Aparna; K Lam, Hugo Y; Dahary, Dvir; Fishilevich, Simon; Lancet, Doron; Lee, Insuk; Bachman, Benjamin; Katsonis, Panagiotis; C Lua, Rhonald; J Wilson, Stephen; Lichtarge, Olivier; R Bhat, Rajendra; Sundaram, Laksshman; Viswanath, Vivek; Bellazzi, Riccardo; Nicora, Giovanna; Rizzo, Ettore; Limongelli, Ivan; M Mezlini, Aziz; Chang, Ray; Kim, Serra; Lai, Carmen; O'Connor, Robert; Topper, Scott; van den Akker, Jeroen; Y Zhou, Alicia; D Zimmer, Anjali; Mishne, Gilad; R Bergquist, Timothy; R Breese, Marcus; F Guerrero, Rafael; Jiang, Yuxiang; Kiga, Nikki; Li, Biao; Mort, Matthew; A Pagel, Kymberleigh; Pejaver, Vikas; H Stamboulian, Moses; Thusberg, Janita; D Mooney, Sean; Teerakulkittipong, Nuttinee; Cao, Chen; Kundu, Kunal; Yin, Yizhou; Yu, Chen-Hsin; Kleyman, Michael; Lin, Chiao-Feng; Stackpole, Mary; M Mount, Stephen; Eraslan, Gökcen; S Mueller, Nikola; Naito, Tatsuhiko; R Rao, Aliz; R Azaria, Johnathan; Brodie, Aharon; Ofran, Yanay; Garg, Aditi; Pal, Debnath; Hawkins-Hooker, Alex; Kenlay, Henry; Reid, John; J Mucaki, Eliseos; K Rogan, Peter; M Schwarz, Jana; B Searls, David; Rie Lee, Gyu; Seok, Chaok; Krämer, Andreas; Shah, Sohela; V Huang, Chenglai; F Kirsch, Jack; Shatsky, Maxim; Cao, Yue; Chen, Haoran; Karimi, Mostafa; Moronfoye, Oluwaseyi; Sun, Yuanfei; Shen, Yang; Shigeta, Ron; T Ford, Colby; Nodzak, Conor; Uppal, Aneeta; Shi, Xinghua; Joseph, Thomas; Kotte, Sujatha; Rana, Sadhna; Rao, Aditya; G Saipradeep, V; Sivadasan, Naveen; Sunderam, Uma; Stanke, Mario; Su, Andrew; Adzhubey, Ivan; M Jordan, Daniel; Sunyaev, Shamil; Rousseau, Frederic; Schymkowitz, Joost; Van Durme, Joost; V Tavtigian, Sean; Carraro, Marco; Giollo, Manuel; E Tosatto, Silvio C; Adato, Orit; Carmel, Liran; E Cohen, Noa; Fenesh, Tzila; Holtzer, Tamar; Juven-Gershon, Tamar; Unger, Ron; Niroula, Abhishek; Olatubosun, Ayodeji; Väliaho, Jouni; Yang, Yang; Vihinen, Mauno; E Wahl, Mary; Chang, Billy; Chun Chong, Ka; Hu, Inchi; Sun, Rui; Ka Kei Wu, William; Xia, Xiaoxuan; C Zee, Benny; H Wang, Maggie; Wang, Meng; Wu, Chunlei; Lu, Yutong; Chen, Ken; Yang, Yuedong; M Yates, Christopher; Kreimer, Anat; Yan, Zhongxia; Yosef, Nir; Zhao, Huying; Wei, Zhipeng; Yao, Zhaomin; Zhou, Fengfeng; Folkman, Lukas; Zhou, Yaoqi; Daneshjou, Roxana; B Altman, Russ; Inoue, Fumitaka; Ahituv, Nadav; P Arkin, Adam; Lovisa, Federica; Bonvini, Paolo; Bowdin, Sarah; Gianni, Stefano; Mantuano, Elide; Minicozzi, Velia; Novak, Leonore; Pasquo, Alessandra; Pastore, Annalisa; Petrosino, Maria; Puglisi, Rita; Toto, Angelo; Veneziano, Liana; Chiaraluce, Roberta; P Ball, Mad; R Bobe, Jason; M Church, George; Consalvi, Valerio; N Cooper, David; A Buckley, Bethany; B Sheridan, Molly; R Cutting, Garry; Chiara Scaini, Maria; J Cygan, Kamil; M Fredericks, Alger; T Glidden, David; Neil, Christopher; L Rhine, Christy; G Fairbrother, William; Y Alontaga, Aileen; W Fenton, Aron; A Matreyek, Kenneth; M Starita, Lea; M Fowler, Douglas; Löscher, Britt-Sabina; Franke, Andre; I Adamson, Scott; R Graveley, Brenton; W Gray, Joe; J Malloy, Mary; P Kane, John; Kousi, Maria; Katsanis, Nicholas; Schubach, Max; Kircher, Martin; Y Mak, Angel C; F Tang, Paul L; Kwok, Pui-Yan; H Lathrop, Richard; T Clark, Wyatt; K Yu, Guoying; H LeBowitz, Jonathan; Benedicenti, Francesco; Bettella, Elisa; Bigoni, Stefania; Cesca, Federica; Mammi, Isabella; Marino-Buslje, Cristina; Milani, Donatella; Peron, Angela; Polli, Roberta; Sartori, Stefano; Stanzial, Franco; Toldo, Irene; Turolla, Licia; C Aspromonte, Maria; Bellini, Mariagrazia; Leonardi, Emanuela; Liu, Xiaoming; Marshall, Christian; Richard McCombie, W; Elefanti, Lisa; Menin, Chiara; Stephen Meyn, M; Murgia, Alessandra; Y Nadeau, Kari C; L Neuhausen, Susan; L Nussbaum, Robert; Pirooznia, Mehdi; B Potash, James; F Dimster-Denk, Dago; D Rine, Jasper; R Sanford, Jeremy; Snyder, Michael; G Cote, Atina; Sun, Song; W Verby, Marta; Weile, Jochen; P Roth, Frederick; Tewhey, Ryan; C Sabeti, Pardis; Campagna, Joan; M Refaat, Marwan; Wojciak, Julianne; Grubb, Soren; Schmitt, Nicole; Shendure, Jay; B Spurdle, Amanda; J Stavropoulos, Dimitri; A Walton, Nephi; P Zandi, Peter; Ziv, Elad; Burke, Wylie; Chen, Flavia; R Carr, Lawrence; Martinez, Selena; Paik, Jodi; Harris-Wai, Julie; Yarborough, Mark; M Fullerton, Stephanie; A Koenig, Barbara; Mcinnes, Gregory; Shigaki, Dustin; Chandonia, John-Marc; Furutsuki, Mabel; Kasak, Laura; Yu, Changhua; Chen, Rui; Friedberg, Iddo; A Getz, Gad; Cong, Qian; N Kinch, Lisa; Zhang, Jing; V Grishin, Nick; Voskanian, Alin; G Kann, Maricel; Tran, Elizabeth; M Ioannidis, Nilah; M Hunter, Jesse; Udani, Rupa; Cai, Binghuang; A Morgan, Alexander; Sokolov, Artem; M Stuart, Joshua; Minervini, Giovanni; M Monzon, Alexander; Batzoglou, Serafim; J Butte, Atul; S Greenblatt, Marc; K Hart, Reece; Hernandez, Ryan; P Hubbard, Tim J; Kahn, Scott; O'Donnell-Luria, Anne; C Ng, Pauline; Shon, John; Veltman, Joris; M Zook, Justin. - In: GENOME BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1474-760X. - 22:22;25(1):53.(2024), pp. 1-46. [10.1186/s13059-023-03113-6]
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