Engineering single-photon states endowed with orbital angular momentum (OAM) is a powerful tool for quantum information photonic implementations. Indeed, due to its unbounded nature, OAM is suitable for encoding qudits, allowing a single carrier to transport a large amount of information. Most of the experimental platforms employ spontaneous parametric down-conversion processes to generate single photons, even if this approach is intrinsically probabilistic, leading to scalability issues for an increasing number of qudits. Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) have been used to get over these limitations by producing on-demand pure and indistinguishable single-photon states, although only recently they have been exploited to create OAM modes. Our work employs a bright QD single-photon source to generate a complete set of quantum states for information processing with OAM-endowed photons. We first study hybrid intraparticle entanglement between OAM and polarization degrees of freedom of a single photon whose preparation was certified by means of Hong–Ou–Mandel visibility. Then, we investigate hybrid interparticle OAM-based entanglement by exploiting a probabilistic entangling gate. The performance of our approach is assessed by performing quantum state tomography and violating Bell inequalities. Our results pave the way for the use of deterministic sources for the on-demand generation of photonic high-dimensional quantum states.

Orbital angular momentum based intra- and interparticle entangled states generated via a quantum dot source / Suprano, Alessia; Zia, Danilo; Pont, Mathias; Giordani, Taira; Rodari, Giovanni; Valeri, Mauro; Piccirillo, Bruno; Carvacho, Gonzalo; Spagnolo, Nicolò; Senellart, Pascale; Marrucci, Lorenzo; Sciarrino, Fabio. - In: ADVANCED PHOTONICS. - ISSN 2577-5421. - 5:04(2023). [10.1117/1.AP.5.4.046008]

Orbital angular momentum based intra- and interparticle entangled states generated via a quantum dot source

Suprano, Alessia;Zia, Danilo;Giordani, Taira;Rodari, Giovanni;Carvacho, Gonzalo;Spagnolo, Nicolò;Sciarrino, Fabio
2023

Abstract

Engineering single-photon states endowed with orbital angular momentum (OAM) is a powerful tool for quantum information photonic implementations. Indeed, due to its unbounded nature, OAM is suitable for encoding qudits, allowing a single carrier to transport a large amount of information. Most of the experimental platforms employ spontaneous parametric down-conversion processes to generate single photons, even if this approach is intrinsically probabilistic, leading to scalability issues for an increasing number of qudits. Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) have been used to get over these limitations by producing on-demand pure and indistinguishable single-photon states, although only recently they have been exploited to create OAM modes. Our work employs a bright QD single-photon source to generate a complete set of quantum states for information processing with OAM-endowed photons. We first study hybrid intraparticle entanglement between OAM and polarization degrees of freedom of a single photon whose preparation was certified by means of Hong–Ou–Mandel visibility. Then, we investigate hybrid interparticle OAM-based entanglement by exploiting a probabilistic entangling gate. The performance of our approach is assessed by performing quantum state tomography and violating Bell inequalities. Our results pave the way for the use of deterministic sources for the on-demand generation of photonic high-dimensional quantum states.
2023
quantum information; orbital angular momentum; single-photon source
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Orbital angular momentum based intra- and interparticle entangled states generated via a quantum dot source / Suprano, Alessia; Zia, Danilo; Pont, Mathias; Giordani, Taira; Rodari, Giovanni; Valeri, Mauro; Piccirillo, Bruno; Carvacho, Gonzalo; Spagnolo, Nicolò; Senellart, Pascale; Marrucci, Lorenzo; Sciarrino, Fabio. - In: ADVANCED PHOTONICS. - ISSN 2577-5421. - 5:04(2023). [10.1117/1.AP.5.4.046008]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1692762
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