The nutritional quality of gluten-free (GF) products is usually improved by using flours derived from alternative grains (e.g., pseudocereals and legumes), additives and hydrolysates, leading to long ingredient lists in the labels, that conflict with current customer expectations. In this work, chestnut, carob, and hemp flours were used as mixed ingredients for making a gluten-free type-II sourdough. Three exopolysaccharides-producer lactic acid bacteria, belonging to Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Weissella cibaria, and Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides, were used, and the fermentation processes (6 log10 cfu/g, 25 °C, 16 h) optimize to maximize the EPS synthesis (15.70 ± 2.1 mg/kg). The chestnut-hemp (70:30) type-II sourdough was included in a rice/corn gluten-free bread recipe also containing psyllium flour as structuring agent. Although the fortification with unfermented flours already led the achievement of 6 g/100 g of fiber (high fiber, Regulation EC n. 1924/2006) and content of magnesium higher than the daily reference intakes, the use of type-II sourdoughs led to a further structural, sensory, and nutritional improvements (e.g., decreasing the main anti-nutritional factor phytic acid). This work demonstrated that the use of ad-hoc selected ingredients and optimized protocol can be used to produce a GF and “clean label” bread with optimal nutritional features and appreciable sensory and structural properties.

A chestnut-hemp type-II sourdough to improve technological, nutritional, and sensory properties of gluten-free bread / Montemurro, Marco; Beccaccioli, Marzia; Perri, Giuseppe; Rizzello, Carlo Giuseppe; Reverberi, Massimo; Pontonio, Erica. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0168-1605. - 404:(2023). [10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2023.110322]

A chestnut-hemp type-II sourdough to improve technological, nutritional, and sensory properties of gluten-free bread

Beccaccioli, Marzia;Rizzello, Carlo Giuseppe;Reverberi, Massimo;
2023

Abstract

The nutritional quality of gluten-free (GF) products is usually improved by using flours derived from alternative grains (e.g., pseudocereals and legumes), additives and hydrolysates, leading to long ingredient lists in the labels, that conflict with current customer expectations. In this work, chestnut, carob, and hemp flours were used as mixed ingredients for making a gluten-free type-II sourdough. Three exopolysaccharides-producer lactic acid bacteria, belonging to Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Weissella cibaria, and Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides, were used, and the fermentation processes (6 log10 cfu/g, 25 °C, 16 h) optimize to maximize the EPS synthesis (15.70 ± 2.1 mg/kg). The chestnut-hemp (70:30) type-II sourdough was included in a rice/corn gluten-free bread recipe also containing psyllium flour as structuring agent. Although the fortification with unfermented flours already led the achievement of 6 g/100 g of fiber (high fiber, Regulation EC n. 1924/2006) and content of magnesium higher than the daily reference intakes, the use of type-II sourdoughs led to a further structural, sensory, and nutritional improvements (e.g., decreasing the main anti-nutritional factor phytic acid). This work demonstrated that the use of ad-hoc selected ingredients and optimized protocol can be used to produce a GF and “clean label” bread with optimal nutritional features and appreciable sensory and structural properties.
2023
hemp; fermentation; lactic acid bacteria; gluten-free
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
A chestnut-hemp type-II sourdough to improve technological, nutritional, and sensory properties of gluten-free bread / Montemurro, Marco; Beccaccioli, Marzia; Perri, Giuseppe; Rizzello, Carlo Giuseppe; Reverberi, Massimo; Pontonio, Erica. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0168-1605. - 404:(2023). [10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2023.110322]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1685264
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