Abstract: Background and Aims. Melatonin is a ubiquitous hormone produced not only by the pineal gland but also by other organs and tissues. It is involved in the regulation of several gastrointestinal functions. The main cells responsible for the production and release of extrapineal melatonin are the enterochromaffin (EC) cells that produce serotonin. They are involved in the pathogenesis of neuromotor disorders that characterize functional gastrointestinal disorders and in the pathophysiology of inflammatory intestinal diseases. Our aim was the immunohistochemical highlighting on biopsy samples of normal gastrointestinal mucosa and in ulcerative colitis (UC) of immunoreactive cells for melatonin and serotonin in order to identify any differences in their distribution. Materials and Methods. Our prospective case-control study involves the highlighting on human mucosal biopsies of immunoreactive cells for melatonin and serotonin. All patients undergoing colonoscopy + ileoscopy were considered eligible for the study, divided into two groups: 1. patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC); 2. control group consisting of patients undergoing endoscopic examination for colorectal cancer screening. Results. Twenty-one patients were enrolled. The controls had a higher concentration of EC cells containing 5HT particularly in the rectum (p value 0.05). In patients with active colitis the expression of 5-HT-iR was greater in all tracts of the colon. The correlation analysis in UC patients shows that a higher expression of 5-HT-iR+ cells corresponds to a lower extension of the disease and a greater severity of the same. Conclusions. 5HT+ cells decreased in the case of UC compared to healthy controls. In the severe disease, there was an increase in the expression of melatonin-secreting cells, probably as a compensatory response to the inflammation and oxidative stress. This increase is negatively correlated with the extent of the disease and positively with the severity of the same.

Serotonin and melatonin in human lower gastrointestinal tract / Vaccaro, Rosa; Casini, Arianna; Severi, Carola; Lamazza, Antonietta; Pronio, Annamaria; Palma, Rossella. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 13:2(2023), pp. 1-10. [10.3390/diagnostics13020204]

Serotonin and melatonin in human lower gastrointestinal tract

Vaccaro, Rosa
Co-primo
;
Casini, Arianna
Co-primo
;
Severi, Carola;Lamazza, Antonietta;Pronio, Annamaria
Penultimo
;
Palma, Rossella
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Abstract: Background and Aims. Melatonin is a ubiquitous hormone produced not only by the pineal gland but also by other organs and tissues. It is involved in the regulation of several gastrointestinal functions. The main cells responsible for the production and release of extrapineal melatonin are the enterochromaffin (EC) cells that produce serotonin. They are involved in the pathogenesis of neuromotor disorders that characterize functional gastrointestinal disorders and in the pathophysiology of inflammatory intestinal diseases. Our aim was the immunohistochemical highlighting on biopsy samples of normal gastrointestinal mucosa and in ulcerative colitis (UC) of immunoreactive cells for melatonin and serotonin in order to identify any differences in their distribution. Materials and Methods. Our prospective case-control study involves the highlighting on human mucosal biopsies of immunoreactive cells for melatonin and serotonin. All patients undergoing colonoscopy + ileoscopy were considered eligible for the study, divided into two groups: 1. patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC); 2. control group consisting of patients undergoing endoscopic examination for colorectal cancer screening. Results. Twenty-one patients were enrolled. The controls had a higher concentration of EC cells containing 5HT particularly in the rectum (p value 0.05). In patients with active colitis the expression of 5-HT-iR was greater in all tracts of the colon. The correlation analysis in UC patients shows that a higher expression of 5-HT-iR+ cells corresponds to a lower extension of the disease and a greater severity of the same. Conclusions. 5HT+ cells decreased in the case of UC compared to healthy controls. In the severe disease, there was an increase in the expression of melatonin-secreting cells, probably as a compensatory response to the inflammation and oxidative stress. This increase is negatively correlated with the extent of the disease and positively with the severity of the same.
2023
enterochromaffin cells; serotonin; melatonin; lower gastrointestinal tract; inflammatory disease; ulcerative colitis
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Serotonin and melatonin in human lower gastrointestinal tract / Vaccaro, Rosa; Casini, Arianna; Severi, Carola; Lamazza, Antonietta; Pronio, Annamaria; Palma, Rossella. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 13:2(2023), pp. 1-10. [10.3390/diagnostics13020204]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1665113
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