Bioremediation of groundwater contaminated by a mixture of aromatic hydrocarbons and chlorinated solvents is typically challenged because these contaminants are degraded via distinctive oxidative and reductive pathways, thus requiring different amendments and redox conditions. Here, we provided the proof-of-concept of a single-stage treatment of synthetic groundwater containing toluene and trichloroethene (TCE) in a tubular bioelectrochemical reactor, known as a “bioelectric well”. Toluene was degraded by a microbial bioanode (up to 150 μmol L−1 d−1) with a polarized graphite anode (+0.2 V vs. SHE) serving as the terminal electron acceptor. The electric current deriving from microbially-driven toluene oxidation resulted in (abiotic) hydrogen production (at a stainless-steel cathode), which sustained the reductive dechlorination of TCE to less-chlorinated intermediates (i.e., cis-DCE, VC, and ETH), at a maximum rate of 500 μeq L−1 d−1, in the bulk of the reactor. A phylogenetic and functional gene-based analysis of the “bioelectric well” confirmed the establishment of a microbiome harboring the metabolic potential for anaerobic toluene oxidation and TCE reductive dechlorination. However, Toluene degradation and current generation were found to be rate-limited by external mass transport phenomena, thus indicating the existing potential for further process optimization.

Coupling of bioelectrochemical toluene oxidation and trichloroethene reductive dechlorination for single-stage treatment of groundwater containing multiple contaminants / Cruz Viggi, C.; Tucci, M.; Resitano, M.; Crognale, S.; Di Franca, M. L.; Rossetti, S.; Aulenta, F.. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & ECOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 2666-4984. - 11:(2022). [10.1016/j.ese.2022.100171]

Coupling of bioelectrochemical toluene oxidation and trichloroethene reductive dechlorination for single-stage treatment of groundwater containing multiple contaminants

Cruz Viggi C.;Resitano M.;Aulenta F.
2022

Abstract

Bioremediation of groundwater contaminated by a mixture of aromatic hydrocarbons and chlorinated solvents is typically challenged because these contaminants are degraded via distinctive oxidative and reductive pathways, thus requiring different amendments and redox conditions. Here, we provided the proof-of-concept of a single-stage treatment of synthetic groundwater containing toluene and trichloroethene (TCE) in a tubular bioelectrochemical reactor, known as a “bioelectric well”. Toluene was degraded by a microbial bioanode (up to 150 μmol L−1 d−1) with a polarized graphite anode (+0.2 V vs. SHE) serving as the terminal electron acceptor. The electric current deriving from microbially-driven toluene oxidation resulted in (abiotic) hydrogen production (at a stainless-steel cathode), which sustained the reductive dechlorination of TCE to less-chlorinated intermediates (i.e., cis-DCE, VC, and ETH), at a maximum rate of 500 μeq L−1 d−1, in the bulk of the reactor. A phylogenetic and functional gene-based analysis of the “bioelectric well” confirmed the establishment of a microbiome harboring the metabolic potential for anaerobic toluene oxidation and TCE reductive dechlorination. However, Toluene degradation and current generation were found to be rate-limited by external mass transport phenomena, thus indicating the existing potential for further process optimization.
2022
bioelectric well; dehalococcoides mccartyi; electrobioremediation; groundwater remediation; toluene; trichloroethene
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Coupling of bioelectrochemical toluene oxidation and trichloroethene reductive dechlorination for single-stage treatment of groundwater containing multiple contaminants / Cruz Viggi, C.; Tucci, M.; Resitano, M.; Crognale, S.; Di Franca, M. L.; Rossetti, S.; Aulenta, F.. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & ECOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 2666-4984. - 11:(2022). [10.1016/j.ese.2022.100171]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Cruz-Viggi_Coupling-bioelectrochemical_2022.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.34 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.34 MB Adobe PDF

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1661829
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact