Objectives: It is unclear whether the electrophysiological effects of erenumab, a monoclonal antibody against the calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor, occur only at the periphery of the trigeminal system or centrally and at the cortical level. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 20 patients with migraine who had failed at least two preventative treatments. We measured the nociceptive blink reflex and non-noxious somatosensory evoked potentials in all participants. The area under the curve and habituation of the second polysynaptic nociceptive blink reflex component (R2) as well as the amplitude and habituation of somatosensory evoked potentials N20-P25 were measured. Electrophysiological data were collected at baseline (T0), 28 days (T1), and 56 days (T2) before each injection of erenumab (70 mg). Results: Erenumab reduced the patients’ mean monthly headache days, headache intensity, and acute medication intake considerably at T1 and T2 (all p < 0.05). The nociceptive blink reflex area under the curve was considerably lower at T1 and T2 than at baseline without changing the habituation slope. At T2, there was a significant increase in the delayed somatosensory evoked potentials amplitude reduction (habituation) but not in the initial cortical activation. Conclusion: Our findings showed that erenumab, in addition to its well-known peripheral effects, can induce central effects earlier in the brainstem and later in the cortex. We cannot rule out whether these results are due to a direct effect of erenumab on the central nervous system or an indirect effect secondary to peripheral drug modulation.

The monoclonal CGRP-receptor blocking antibody erenumab has different effects on brainstem and cortical sensory-evoked responses / Casillo, F.; Sebastianelli, G.; Di Renzo, A.; Cioffi, E.; Parisi, V.; Di Lorenzo, C.; Serrao, M.; Coppola, G.. - In: CEPHALALGIA. - ISSN 0333-1024. - 42:11-12(2022), pp. 1236-1245. [10.1177/03331024221103811]

The monoclonal CGRP-receptor blocking antibody erenumab has different effects on brainstem and cortical sensory-evoked responses

Casillo F.;Sebastianelli G.;Cioffi E.;Di Lorenzo C.;Serrao M.;Coppola G.
2022

Abstract

Objectives: It is unclear whether the electrophysiological effects of erenumab, a monoclonal antibody against the calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor, occur only at the periphery of the trigeminal system or centrally and at the cortical level. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 20 patients with migraine who had failed at least two preventative treatments. We measured the nociceptive blink reflex and non-noxious somatosensory evoked potentials in all participants. The area under the curve and habituation of the second polysynaptic nociceptive blink reflex component (R2) as well as the amplitude and habituation of somatosensory evoked potentials N20-P25 were measured. Electrophysiological data were collected at baseline (T0), 28 days (T1), and 56 days (T2) before each injection of erenumab (70 mg). Results: Erenumab reduced the patients’ mean monthly headache days, headache intensity, and acute medication intake considerably at T1 and T2 (all p < 0.05). The nociceptive blink reflex area under the curve was considerably lower at T1 and T2 than at baseline without changing the habituation slope. At T2, there was a significant increase in the delayed somatosensory evoked potentials amplitude reduction (habituation) but not in the initial cortical activation. Conclusion: Our findings showed that erenumab, in addition to its well-known peripheral effects, can induce central effects earlier in the brainstem and later in the cortex. We cannot rule out whether these results are due to a direct effect of erenumab on the central nervous system or an indirect effect secondary to peripheral drug modulation.
2022
Erenumab; habituation; migraine; parietal cortex; trigeminal nucleus
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The monoclonal CGRP-receptor blocking antibody erenumab has different effects on brainstem and cortical sensory-evoked responses / Casillo, F.; Sebastianelli, G.; Di Renzo, A.; Cioffi, E.; Parisi, V.; Di Lorenzo, C.; Serrao, M.; Coppola, G.. - In: CEPHALALGIA. - ISSN 0333-1024. - 42:11-12(2022), pp. 1236-1245. [10.1177/03331024221103811]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1661147
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