Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is a fatal event, occurring in patients with epilepsy, in which seizures may or may not precede the exitus, and no other potential causes of death are identifiable. The proposed pathophysiological mechanisms for SUDEP include cardio-respiratory dysfunctions, brainstem arousal system impairment, and dysregulation in the neurotransmitter/neuromodulator systems. This narrative review provides an overview of primary research on SUDEP in paediatric populations. Some studies report an incidence of paediatric SUDEP which is about five times lower than in adults (between 0.02 and 0,34 per 1,000 person-years) even if more recent studies suggested similar incidence rates than in adulthood (between 1.20 / 1,000 and 1.45 / 1,000 person per years). Risk factors for SUDEP in children include genetic predisposition, neurological comorbidities, epilepsy phenotype, adequacy/adherence to treatment, adequate supervision by caregivers and access to adequate health care support. The early identification of risk factors, the definition of reliable biomarkers and the building of efficacious preventive strategies, including parental/caregiver counselling, novel technological devices, and pharmacological treatments, may reduce the risk of paediatric SUDEP.

Paediatric sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: From pathophysiology to prevention

MASTRANGELO MARIO
2022

Abstract

Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is a fatal event, occurring in patients with epilepsy, in which seizures may or may not precede the exitus, and no other potential causes of death are identifiable. The proposed pathophysiological mechanisms for SUDEP include cardio-respiratory dysfunctions, brainstem arousal system impairment, and dysregulation in the neurotransmitter/neuromodulator systems. This narrative review provides an overview of primary research on SUDEP in paediatric populations. Some studies report an incidence of paediatric SUDEP which is about five times lower than in adults (between 0.02 and 0,34 per 1,000 person-years) even if more recent studies suggested similar incidence rates than in adulthood (between 1.20 / 1,000 and 1.45 / 1,000 person per years). Risk factors for SUDEP in children include genetic predisposition, neurological comorbidities, epilepsy phenotype, adequacy/adherence to treatment, adequate supervision by caregivers and access to adequate health care support. The early identification of risk factors, the definition of reliable biomarkers and the building of efficacious preventive strategies, including parental/caregiver counselling, novel technological devices, and pharmacological treatments, may reduce the risk of paediatric SUDEP.
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S1059131122001790-main.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Note: Mastrangelo_Paediatric sudden unexpected death_2022
Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 1.31 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.31 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1654010
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact