This research considers the descent path of a space vehicle, from periselenium of its operational orbit to the lunar surface. The trajectory is split in two arcs: (a) approach, up to a specifed altitude, and (b) terminal descent and soft touchdown. For phase (a), a new locally fat near-optimal guidance is used, which is based on iterative projection of the spacecraft position and velocity, and availability of closed-form expressions for the related costate variables. Attitude control is aimed at pursuing the desired spacecraft orientation, and uses an adaptive tracking scheme that compensates for the inertia uncertainties. Arc (b) is aimed at gaining the correct vertical alignment and low velocity at touchdown. For phase (b) a predictive bang-off-bang guidance algorithm is proposed that is capable of guaranteeing the desired fnal conditions, while providing the proper allocation of side jet ignitions. Actuation of side jets is implemented using pulse width modulation, in both phases. Monte Carlo simulations prove that the guidance and control architecture at hand drives the spacecraft toward safe touchdown, in the presence of non-nominal fight conditions.

Explicit Near-Optimal Guidance and Pulse-Modulated Control for Lunar Descent and Touchdown

Pontani, M.;Celani, F.;Carletta, S.
2022

Abstract

This research considers the descent path of a space vehicle, from periselenium of its operational orbit to the lunar surface. The trajectory is split in two arcs: (a) approach, up to a specifed altitude, and (b) terminal descent and soft touchdown. For phase (a), a new locally fat near-optimal guidance is used, which is based on iterative projection of the spacecraft position and velocity, and availability of closed-form expressions for the related costate variables. Attitude control is aimed at pursuing the desired spacecraft orientation, and uses an adaptive tracking scheme that compensates for the inertia uncertainties. Arc (b) is aimed at gaining the correct vertical alignment and low velocity at touchdown. For phase (b) a predictive bang-off-bang guidance algorithm is proposed that is capable of guaranteeing the desired fnal conditions, while providing the proper allocation of side jet ignitions. Actuation of side jets is implemented using pulse width modulation, in both phases. Monte Carlo simulations prove that the guidance and control architecture at hand drives the spacecraft toward safe touchdown, in the presence of non-nominal fight conditions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1652641
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