Natural polyamines (PAs) are key players in cellular homeostasis by regulating cell growth and proliferation. Several observations highlight that PAs are also implicated in pathways regulating cell death. Indeed, the PA accumulation cytotoxic effect, maximized with the use of bovine serum amine oxidase (BSAO) enzyme, represents a valuable strategy against tumor progression. In the present study, along with the design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a series of new spermine (Spm) analogues (1-23), a mixed structure-based (SB) and ligand-based (LB) protocol was applied. Binding modes of BSAO-PA modeled complexes led to clarify electrostatic and steric features likely affecting the BSAO-PA biochemical kinetics. LB and SB three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (Py-CoMFA and Py-ComBinE) models were developed by means of the 3d-qsar.com portal, and their analysis represents a strong basis for future design and synthesis of PA BSAO substrates for potential application in oxidative stress-induced chemotherapy.

Bovine serum amine oxidase and polyamine analogues: chemical synthesis and biological evaluation integrated with molecular docking and 3-D QSAR studies

Rino Ragno
Primo
;
Eleonora Proia;Antonini Lorenzo;Pasquale Fino;Lavinia Rutigliano;Rossella Fioravanti;Tomoaki Tahara;Elena Pacella;Antonio Greco;Gianluca Canettieri;Enzo Agostinelli
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Natural polyamines (PAs) are key players in cellular homeostasis by regulating cell growth and proliferation. Several observations highlight that PAs are also implicated in pathways regulating cell death. Indeed, the PA accumulation cytotoxic effect, maximized with the use of bovine serum amine oxidase (BSAO) enzyme, represents a valuable strategy against tumor progression. In the present study, along with the design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a series of new spermine (Spm) analogues (1-23), a mixed structure-based (SB) and ligand-based (LB) protocol was applied. Binding modes of BSAO-PA modeled complexes led to clarify electrostatic and steric features likely affecting the BSAO-PA biochemical kinetics. LB and SB three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (Py-CoMFA and Py-ComBinE) models were developed by means of the 3d-qsar.com portal, and their analysis represents a strong basis for future design and synthesis of PA BSAO substrates for potential application in oxidative stress-induced chemotherapy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1652233
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