Background: Pediatric headaches have been linked to adverse life events or psychological factors in children and their families, with a complex and bidirectional association. Moreover, it is well-known that psychological stress can trigger headaches. Methods: We searched three databases for studies focusing on headaches and adverse events or psychological factors in children up to 12 years old or in their caregivers. Results: We included 28 studies. Child psychological factors, including internal and external symptoms, were commonly associated with all types of headaches. Sleep disturbances showed a positive association with headaches in 3 out of 5 studies. Family conflict and unhappiness were frequently found in children suffering with headaches, while single-parent families and divorce were not associated. Stressful environments and adverse life events, particularly bullying, were also found to be linked with headaches. Conclusions: Childhood headaches represent an alarm bell for clinicians to investigate and treat psychological or psychiatric disorders in children and their family. Further studies are needed to elucidate the role of early-life adverse events in children and their families.

Psychological Disorders, Adverse Childhood Experiences and Parental Psychiatric Disorders in Children Affected by Headache. A Systematic Review / Polese, Daniela; Belli, Arianna; Esposito, Dario; Evangelisti, Melania; Luchetti, Anna; Di Nardo, Giovanni; Parisi, Pasquale; Bruni, Oliviero. - In: NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS. - ISSN 0149-7634. - 140:(2022), pp. 1-17. [10.1016/j.neubiorev.2022.104798]

Psychological Disorders, Adverse Childhood Experiences and Parental Psychiatric Disorders in Children Affected by Headache. A Systematic Review

Polese, Daniela;Esposito, Dario;Evangelisti, Melania;Luchetti, Anna;Di Nardo, Giovanni;Parisi, Pasquale;Bruni, Oliviero
2022

Abstract

Background: Pediatric headaches have been linked to adverse life events or psychological factors in children and their families, with a complex and bidirectional association. Moreover, it is well-known that psychological stress can trigger headaches. Methods: We searched three databases for studies focusing on headaches and adverse events or psychological factors in children up to 12 years old or in their caregivers. Results: We included 28 studies. Child psychological factors, including internal and external symptoms, were commonly associated with all types of headaches. Sleep disturbances showed a positive association with headaches in 3 out of 5 studies. Family conflict and unhappiness were frequently found in children suffering with headaches, while single-parent families and divorce were not associated. Stressful environments and adverse life events, particularly bullying, were also found to be linked with headaches. Conclusions: Childhood headaches represent an alarm bell for clinicians to investigate and treat psychological or psychiatric disorders in children and their family. Further studies are needed to elucidate the role of early-life adverse events in children and their families.
2022
aces; adhd; adverse childhood experiences; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; bullying; childhood; headache; inattention; migraine; parents; psychiatric disorders; psychological symptoms; school stress
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Psychological Disorders, Adverse Childhood Experiences and Parental Psychiatric Disorders in Children Affected by Headache. A Systematic Review / Polese, Daniela; Belli, Arianna; Esposito, Dario; Evangelisti, Melania; Luchetti, Anna; Di Nardo, Giovanni; Parisi, Pasquale; Bruni, Oliviero. - In: NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS. - ISSN 0149-7634. - 140:(2022), pp. 1-17. [10.1016/j.neubiorev.2022.104798]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1651871
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