Experimental tests and constructive assessments are presented for a simple bamboo framed structure with innovative low-cost and low technology joints, specifically conceived for small buildings in developing countries. Two full scale one-storey bamboo frames have been designed by using the simplest joints solution among three different tested typologies. The entire building process is based on low-technology and natural materials: Bamboo canes, wooden cylinders, plywood plates and canapé rods. The first full scale specimen (Unit A) is a one-storey single deck truss structure subjected to monotonic collapse test; the second full scale specimen (Unit B) is a one-storey double deck truss structure used to evaluate the construction time throughout assembling tests. The first full scale specimen showed ductility in collapse and ease in strengthening; the second one showed remarkable ease and speed in assembling structural elements. Finally several constructive solutions are suggested for the design of simple one-storey buildings; they are addressed to four purposes (housing, school, chapel, health center) by the composition of the proposed full scale bamboo frames. Ease of use and maintenance with a low level of technology contribute to application in developing countries although not exclusively.

Structural Solutions for Low-Cost Bamboo Frames: Experimental Tests and Constructive Assessments / Sassu, Mauro; DE FALCO, Anna; Giresini, Linda; Puppio, MARIO LUCIO. - In: MATERIALS. - ISSN 1996-1944. - 9:5(2016), pp. 346-365. [10.3390/ma9050346]

Structural Solutions for Low-Cost Bamboo Frames: Experimental Tests and Constructive Assessments

GIRESINI, LINDA;
2016

Abstract

Experimental tests and constructive assessments are presented for a simple bamboo framed structure with innovative low-cost and low technology joints, specifically conceived for small buildings in developing countries. Two full scale one-storey bamboo frames have been designed by using the simplest joints solution among three different tested typologies. The entire building process is based on low-technology and natural materials: Bamboo canes, wooden cylinders, plywood plates and canapé rods. The first full scale specimen (Unit A) is a one-storey single deck truss structure subjected to monotonic collapse test; the second full scale specimen (Unit B) is a one-storey double deck truss structure used to evaluate the construction time throughout assembling tests. The first full scale specimen showed ductility in collapse and ease in strengthening; the second one showed remarkable ease and speed in assembling structural elements. Finally several constructive solutions are suggested for the design of simple one-storey buildings; they are addressed to four purposes (housing, school, chapel, health center) by the composition of the proposed full scale bamboo frames. Ease of use and maintenance with a low level of technology contribute to application in developing countries although not exclusively.
2016
Bamboo; Experimental tests; Full scale testing; Low-cost construction; One-storey buildings
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Structural Solutions for Low-Cost Bamboo Frames: Experimental Tests and Constructive Assessments / Sassu, Mauro; DE FALCO, Anna; Giresini, Linda; Puppio, MARIO LUCIO. - In: MATERIALS. - ISSN 1996-1944. - 9:5(2016), pp. 346-365. [10.3390/ma9050346]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1635871
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