Acute Mesenteric Ischemia (AMI) is a rare life-threatening entity caused by sudden interrup- tion of the blood supply to a segment of the bowel due to impairment of mesenteric arterial blood flow or venous drainage. Clinical presentation varies according to the time course of vascular occlusion. Contrast-enhanced Computed Tomography (CT) of the abdomen rep- resents the main diagnostic test for AMI diagnosis, enabling fast and excellent evaluation of the intestine, mesenteric vasculature, and other ancillary characteristics of AMI. Typ- ical CT findings of AMI include paralytic ileus, decreased or absent bowel wall contrast- enhancement, pneumatosis intestinalis, and porto-mesenteric venous gas. We hereby re- port a case of an 89-year-old man presenting with AMI due to Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) thrombotic occlusion following endovascular stenting superficial femoral arteries. Typical findings were observed on abdominal CT imaging, yet associated with the presence of gas exclusively in the SMA district, without any involvement of the porto-mesenteric venous system. Different imaging features and pitfalls can help radiologists to accurately diagnose AMI, especially when irreversible bowel damage is about to occur. Acute Mesenteric Ischemia (AMI) is a rare life-threatening entity caused by sudden interrup- tion of the blood supply to a segment of the bowel due to impairment of mesenteric arterial blood flow or venous drainage. Clinical presentation varies according to the time course of vascular occlusion. Contrast-enhanced Computed Tomography (CT) of the abdomen rep- resents the main diagnostic test for AMI diagnosis, enabling fast and excellent evaluation of the intestine, mesenteric vasculature, and other ancillary characteristics of AMI. Typ- ical CT findings of AMI include paralytic ileus, decreased or absent bowel wall contrast- enhancement, pneumatosis intestinalis, and porto-mesenteric venous gas. We hereby re- port a case of an 89-year-old man presenting with AMI due to Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) thrombotic occlusion following endovascular stenting superficial femoral arteries. Typical findings were observed on abdominal CT imaging, yet associated with the presence of gas exclusively in the SMA district, without any involvement of the porto-mesenteric venous system. Different imaging features and pitfalls can help radiologists to accurately diagnose AMI, especially when irreversible bowel damage is about to occur. Therefore, ra- diologists and emergency physicians should be aware of the unusual association between.

Unusual computed tomography findings of gas in the superior mesenteric artery system with no signs of porto-mesenteric venous gas in a case of acute mesenteric ischemia / Giulio, Federica; Ruggiero, Sergio; Vicini, Simone; Bellini, Davide; Rengo, Marco; Carbone, Iacopo. - In: RADIOLOGY CASE REPORTS. - ISSN 1930-0433. - 17:7(2022), pp. 2568-2572. [10.1016/j.radcr.2022.04.037]

Unusual computed tomography findings of gas in the superior mesenteric artery system with no signs of porto-mesenteric venous gas in a case of acute mesenteric ischemia

Federica Giulio
Primo
;
Sergio Ruggiero
Secondo
;
Simone Vicini
;
Davide Bellini;Marco Rengo
Penultimo
;
Iacopo Carbone
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Acute Mesenteric Ischemia (AMI) is a rare life-threatening entity caused by sudden interrup- tion of the blood supply to a segment of the bowel due to impairment of mesenteric arterial blood flow or venous drainage. Clinical presentation varies according to the time course of vascular occlusion. Contrast-enhanced Computed Tomography (CT) of the abdomen rep- resents the main diagnostic test for AMI diagnosis, enabling fast and excellent evaluation of the intestine, mesenteric vasculature, and other ancillary characteristics of AMI. Typ- ical CT findings of AMI include paralytic ileus, decreased or absent bowel wall contrast- enhancement, pneumatosis intestinalis, and porto-mesenteric venous gas. We hereby re- port a case of an 89-year-old man presenting with AMI due to Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) thrombotic occlusion following endovascular stenting superficial femoral arteries. Typical findings were observed on abdominal CT imaging, yet associated with the presence of gas exclusively in the SMA district, without any involvement of the porto-mesenteric venous system. Different imaging features and pitfalls can help radiologists to accurately diagnose AMI, especially when irreversible bowel damage is about to occur. Acute Mesenteric Ischemia (AMI) is a rare life-threatening entity caused by sudden interrup- tion of the blood supply to a segment of the bowel due to impairment of mesenteric arterial blood flow or venous drainage. Clinical presentation varies according to the time course of vascular occlusion. Contrast-enhanced Computed Tomography (CT) of the abdomen rep- resents the main diagnostic test for AMI diagnosis, enabling fast and excellent evaluation of the intestine, mesenteric vasculature, and other ancillary characteristics of AMI. Typ- ical CT findings of AMI include paralytic ileus, decreased or absent bowel wall contrast- enhancement, pneumatosis intestinalis, and porto-mesenteric venous gas. We hereby re- port a case of an 89-year-old man presenting with AMI due to Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) thrombotic occlusion following endovascular stenting superficial femoral arteries. Typical findings were observed on abdominal CT imaging, yet associated with the presence of gas exclusively in the SMA district, without any involvement of the porto-mesenteric venous system. Different imaging features and pitfalls can help radiologists to accurately diagnose AMI, especially when irreversible bowel damage is about to occur. Therefore, ra- diologists and emergency physicians should be aware of the unusual association between.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1635683
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