Thyroid hormones are biologically active small molecules responsible for growth and development regulation, basal metabolic rate, and lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) can be used to quantify thyroid hormones blood level with high speed and selectivity, aiming to improve the diagnosis and treatment of the severe pathological conditions in which they are implicated, i.e., hypo- and hyperthyroidism. In this work, the gas-phase behavior of the isomeric thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and reverse triiodothyronine (rT3) in their deprotonated form was studied at a molecular level using MS-based techniques. Previously reported collision-induced dissociation experiments yielded distinct spectra despite the high structural similarity of the two compounds, suggesting different charge sites to be responsible. Infrared multiple photon dissociation spectroscopy on [T3-H]−and [rT3-H]−was performed, and the results were interpreted using DFT and MP2 calculations, assessing the prevalence of T3 in the carboxylate form and rT3 as a phenolate isomer. The different deprotonation sites of the two isomers were also found to drive their ion-mobility behavior. In fact, [T3-H]−and [rT3-H]−were successfully separated. Drift times were correlated with collisional cross section values of 209 and 215 Å2for [T3-H]−and [rT3-H]−, respectively. Calculations suggested the charge site to be the main parameter involved in the different mobilities of the two anions. Finally, bare [T3-H]−and [rT3-H]−were made to react with neutral acetylacetone and trifluoroacetic acid, confirming rT3 to be more acidic than T3 in agreement with the calculated gas-phase acidities of T3 and rT3 equal to 1345 and 1326 kJ mol-1, respectively.

Molecular Basis for the Remarkably Different Gas-Phase Behavior of Deprotonated Thyroid Hormones Triiodothyronine (T3) and Reverse Triiodothyronine (rT3): A Clue for Their Discrimination? / Corinti, D.; Chiavarino, B.; Spano, M.; Tintaru, A.; Fornarini, S.; Crestoni, M. E.. - In: ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0003-2700. - 93:44(2021), pp. 14869-14877. [10.1021/acs.analchem.1c03892]

Molecular Basis for the Remarkably Different Gas-Phase Behavior of Deprotonated Thyroid Hormones Triiodothyronine (T3) and Reverse Triiodothyronine (rT3): A Clue for Their Discrimination?

Corinti D.;Chiavarino B.;Spano M.;Fornarini S.;Crestoni M. E.
2021

Abstract

Thyroid hormones are biologically active small molecules responsible for growth and development regulation, basal metabolic rate, and lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) can be used to quantify thyroid hormones blood level with high speed and selectivity, aiming to improve the diagnosis and treatment of the severe pathological conditions in which they are implicated, i.e., hypo- and hyperthyroidism. In this work, the gas-phase behavior of the isomeric thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and reverse triiodothyronine (rT3) in their deprotonated form was studied at a molecular level using MS-based techniques. Previously reported collision-induced dissociation experiments yielded distinct spectra despite the high structural similarity of the two compounds, suggesting different charge sites to be responsible. Infrared multiple photon dissociation spectroscopy on [T3-H]−and [rT3-H]−was performed, and the results were interpreted using DFT and MP2 calculations, assessing the prevalence of T3 in the carboxylate form and rT3 as a phenolate isomer. The different deprotonation sites of the two isomers were also found to drive their ion-mobility behavior. In fact, [T3-H]−and [rT3-H]−were successfully separated. Drift times were correlated with collisional cross section values of 209 and 215 Å2for [T3-H]−and [rT3-H]−, respectively. Calculations suggested the charge site to be the main parameter involved in the different mobilities of the two anions. Finally, bare [T3-H]−and [rT3-H]−were made to react with neutral acetylacetone and trifluoroacetic acid, confirming rT3 to be more acidic than T3 in agreement with the calculated gas-phase acidities of T3 and rT3 equal to 1345 and 1326 kJ mol-1, respectively.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1624532
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