Women are harmed by stereotypes about their fit for positions of authority and changing these stereotypes is not a simple task. As stereotypes have strong epistemic properties, individuals with a high need for cognitive closure (NCC; i.e., the desire for epistemic certainty) can be more likely to accept these stereotypes and, consequently, to prefer men in positions of authority. Consistent with the reactive liberal hypothesis, this effect could be actually more visible among individuals with both a high NCC and left-wing political orientations. We supported these hypotheses in a series of three studies. In Study 1 (N = 217), we found that manipulated NCC predicted preference for men in authority through stereotypes of women as not being fit for authority in a measurement-of-mediation design. In Study 2 (N = 151), we supported this effect in a mediation-as-process design. In Study 3 (N = 391), we found the indirect NCC effect on preference for men in authority was more visible among political liberals. A major implication of this work is that ways of changing the effect of these stereotypes should take into account the NCC, but particularly among individuals with left-wing beliefs.

How the mere desire for certainty can lead to a preference for men in authority (particularly among political liberals) / Baldner, C.; Pierro, A.; di Santo, D.; Cabras, C.. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 0021-9029. - (2021). [10.1111/jasp.12830]

How the mere desire for certainty can lead to a preference for men in authority (particularly among political liberals)

Baldner C.;Pierro A.;di Santo D.;
2021

Abstract

Women are harmed by stereotypes about their fit for positions of authority and changing these stereotypes is not a simple task. As stereotypes have strong epistemic properties, individuals with a high need for cognitive closure (NCC; i.e., the desire for epistemic certainty) can be more likely to accept these stereotypes and, consequently, to prefer men in positions of authority. Consistent with the reactive liberal hypothesis, this effect could be actually more visible among individuals with both a high NCC and left-wing political orientations. We supported these hypotheses in a series of three studies. In Study 1 (N = 217), we found that manipulated NCC predicted preference for men in authority through stereotypes of women as not being fit for authority in a measurement-of-mediation design. In Study 2 (N = 151), we supported this effect in a mediation-as-process design. In Study 3 (N = 391), we found the indirect NCC effect on preference for men in authority was more visible among political liberals. A major implication of this work is that ways of changing the effect of these stereotypes should take into account the NCC, but particularly among individuals with left-wing beliefs.
2021
gender stereotypes; leadership; need for cognitive closure; sexism
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
How the mere desire for certainty can lead to a preference for men in authority (particularly among political liberals) / Baldner, C.; Pierro, A.; di Santo, D.; Cabras, C.. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 0021-9029. - (2021). [10.1111/jasp.12830]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1616613
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