The objectives of the systematic review were to: identify the work sectors at risk for exposure to formaldehyde; investigate the procedures applied to assess occupational exposure; evaluate the reported exposure levels among the different settings. An electronic search of Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science and ToxNet was carried out for collecting all the articles on the investigated issue published from January 1, 2004 to September 30, 2019. Forty-three papers were included in the review, and evidenced a great number of occupational scenarios at risk for formaldehyde exposure. All the included studies collected data on formaldehyde exposure levels by a similar approach: environmental and personal sampling followed by chromatographic analyses. Results ranged from not detectable values until to some mg m−3 of airborne formaldehyde. The riskiest occupational settings for formaldehyde exposure were the gross anatomy and pathology laboratories, the hairdressing salons and some specific productive settings, such as wooden furniture factories, dairy facilities and fish hatcheries. Notice that formaldehyde, a well-known carcinogen, was recovered in air at levels higher than outdoor in almost all the studied scenarios/activities; thus, when formaldehyde cannot be removed or substituted, targeted strategies for exposure elimination or mitigation must be adopted.

Occupational scenarios and exposure assessment to formaldehyde: a systematic review / Cammalleri, V.; Pocino, R. N.; Marotta, D.; Protano, C.; Sinibaldi, F.; Simonazzi, S.; Petyx, M.; Iavicoli, S.; Vitali, M.. - In: INDOOR AIR. - ISSN 0905-6947. - 32:1(2022), pp. 1-14. [10.1111/ina.12949]

Occupational scenarios and exposure assessment to formaldehyde: a systematic review

Cammalleri V.
Primo
;
Pocino R. N.;Marotta D.;Protano C.;Sinibaldi F.;Simonazzi S.;Vitali M.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

The objectives of the systematic review were to: identify the work sectors at risk for exposure to formaldehyde; investigate the procedures applied to assess occupational exposure; evaluate the reported exposure levels among the different settings. An electronic search of Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science and ToxNet was carried out for collecting all the articles on the investigated issue published from January 1, 2004 to September 30, 2019. Forty-three papers were included in the review, and evidenced a great number of occupational scenarios at risk for formaldehyde exposure. All the included studies collected data on formaldehyde exposure levels by a similar approach: environmental and personal sampling followed by chromatographic analyses. Results ranged from not detectable values until to some mg m−3 of airborne formaldehyde. The riskiest occupational settings for formaldehyde exposure were the gross anatomy and pathology laboratories, the hairdressing salons and some specific productive settings, such as wooden furniture factories, dairy facilities and fish hatcheries. Notice that formaldehyde, a well-known carcinogen, was recovered in air at levels higher than outdoor in almost all the studied scenarios/activities; thus, when formaldehyde cannot be removed or substituted, targeted strategies for exposure elimination or mitigation must be adopted.
2022
analytical approach; exposure assessment; exposure levels; formaldehyde; occupational settings
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Occupational scenarios and exposure assessment to formaldehyde: a systematic review / Cammalleri, V.; Pocino, R. N.; Marotta, D.; Protano, C.; Sinibaldi, F.; Simonazzi, S.; Petyx, M.; Iavicoli, S.; Vitali, M.. - In: INDOOR AIR. - ISSN 0905-6947. - 32:1(2022), pp. 1-14. [10.1111/ina.12949]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1613669
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