Different therapies are adopted for the treatment of deep seated tumours in combination or as an alternative to surgical removal or chemotherapy: radiotherapy with photons (RT), particle therapy (PT) with protons or even heavier ions like 12C, are now available in clinical centres. In addition to these irradiation modalities, the use of Very High Energy Electron (VHEE) beams (100–200 MeV) has been suggested in the past, but the diffusion of that technique was delayed due to the needed space and budget, with respect to standard photon devices. These disadvantages were not paired by an increased therapeutic efficacy, at least when comparing to proton or carbon ion beams. In this contribution we investigate how recent developments in electron beam therapy could reshape the treatments of deep seated tumours. In this respect we carefully explored the application of VHEE beams to the prostate cancer, a well-known and studied example of deep seated tumour currently treated with high efficacy both using RT and PT. The VHEE Treatment Planning System was obtained by means of an accurate Monte Carlo (MC) simulation of the electrons interactions with the patient body. A simple model of the FLASH effect (healthy tissues sparing at ultra-high dose rates), has been introduced and the results have been compared with conventional RT. The study demonstrates that VHEE beams, even in absence of a significant FLASH effect and with a reduced energy range (70–130 MeV) with respect to implementations already explored in literature, could be a good alternative to standard RT, even in the framework of technological developments that are nowadays affordable.

Deep seated tumour treatments with electrons of high energy delivered at FLASH rates: the example of prostate cancer / Sarti, Alessio; De Maria, Patrizia; Battistoni, Giuseppe; De Simoni, Micol; Di Felice, Cinzia; Dong, Yunsheng; Fischetti, Marta; Franciosini, Gaia; Marafini, Michela; Marampon, Francesco; Mattei, Ilaria; Mirabelli, Riccardo; Muraro, Silvia; Pacilio, Massimiliano; Palumbo, Luigi; Rocca, Loredana; Rubeca, Damiana; Schiavi, Angelo; Sciubba, Adalberto; Tombolini, Vincenzo; Toppi, Marco; Traini, Giacomo; Trigilio, Antonio; Patera, Vincenzo. - In: FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 2234-943X. - 11:(2021). [10.3389/fonc.2021.777852]

Deep seated tumour treatments with electrons of high energy delivered at FLASH rates: the example of prostate cancer

Sarti, Alessio
Primo
;
De Maria, Patrizia
Secondo
;
De Simoni, Micol;Di Felice, Cinzia;Fischetti, Marta;Franciosini, Gaia;Marampon, Francesco;Mirabelli, Riccardo;Pacilio, Massimiliano;Palumbo, Luigi;Rocca, Loredana;Schiavi, Angelo
;
Sciubba, Adalberto;Tombolini, Vincenzo;Toppi, Marco;Trigilio, Antonio
Penultimo
;
Patera, Vincenzo
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Different therapies are adopted for the treatment of deep seated tumours in combination or as an alternative to surgical removal or chemotherapy: radiotherapy with photons (RT), particle therapy (PT) with protons or even heavier ions like 12C, are now available in clinical centres. In addition to these irradiation modalities, the use of Very High Energy Electron (VHEE) beams (100–200 MeV) has been suggested in the past, but the diffusion of that technique was delayed due to the needed space and budget, with respect to standard photon devices. These disadvantages were not paired by an increased therapeutic efficacy, at least when comparing to proton or carbon ion beams. In this contribution we investigate how recent developments in electron beam therapy could reshape the treatments of deep seated tumours. In this respect we carefully explored the application of VHEE beams to the prostate cancer, a well-known and studied example of deep seated tumour currently treated with high efficacy both using RT and PT. The VHEE Treatment Planning System was obtained by means of an accurate Monte Carlo (MC) simulation of the electrons interactions with the patient body. A simple model of the FLASH effect (healthy tissues sparing at ultra-high dose rates), has been introduced and the results have been compared with conventional RT. The study demonstrates that VHEE beams, even in absence of a significant FLASH effect and with a reduced energy range (70–130 MeV) with respect to implementations already explored in literature, could be a good alternative to standard RT, even in the framework of technological developments that are nowadays affordable.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1598557
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