Objectives On 31 January 2020, a new type of coronavirus was first confirmed in Italy and spread rapidly across the country leading to a national lockdown. The aim of this pilot study was to explore the impact of the public health emergency due to COVID-19 on individual’s mental health among 299 Italian adults after a month of home isolation due to COVID-19. Design Cross-sectional study design. Adults of the general population were invited to a voluntary online health survey. Methods Hierarchical multiple regressions were used to examine diverse psycho-social and stressful contextual factors associated with symptoms of psychopathology. Results Results indicated that females reported higher symptoms of depression, anxiety and circadian rhythm dysregulation, than males. Age and the capacity to adapt to a new environment and to cope with illness were negatively associated with all symptoms of psychopathology. Conversely, engaging in verbally aggressive behaviours and having experienced stressful events related to COVID-19 were positively related to psychopathological symptoms. Finally, social support was negatively associated with depressive symptoms, and substance use during the past months was related to circadian rhythm dysregulation. Conclusions The findings of this study raise particular concern about psychological well-being considering the negative associations between stressful events during the COVID-19 pandemic, symptoms of psychological distress, and perceived social support. These results have possible significant clinical implications.

Mental health of Italian adults during COVID-19 pandemic / Amendola, Simone; Spensieri, Valentina; Hengartner, Michael P.; Cerutti, Rita. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1359-107X. - 26:2(2021), pp. 644-656. [10.1111/bjhp.12502]

Mental health of Italian adults during COVID-19 pandemic

Simone Amendola;Valentina Spensieri;Rita Cerutti
2021

Abstract

Objectives On 31 January 2020, a new type of coronavirus was first confirmed in Italy and spread rapidly across the country leading to a national lockdown. The aim of this pilot study was to explore the impact of the public health emergency due to COVID-19 on individual’s mental health among 299 Italian adults after a month of home isolation due to COVID-19. Design Cross-sectional study design. Adults of the general population were invited to a voluntary online health survey. Methods Hierarchical multiple regressions were used to examine diverse psycho-social and stressful contextual factors associated with symptoms of psychopathology. Results Results indicated that females reported higher symptoms of depression, anxiety and circadian rhythm dysregulation, than males. Age and the capacity to adapt to a new environment and to cope with illness were negatively associated with all symptoms of psychopathology. Conversely, engaging in verbally aggressive behaviours and having experienced stressful events related to COVID-19 were positively related to psychopathological symptoms. Finally, social support was negatively associated with depressive symptoms, and substance use during the past months was related to circadian rhythm dysregulation. Conclusions The findings of this study raise particular concern about psychological well-being considering the negative associations between stressful events during the COVID-19 pandemic, symptoms of psychological distress, and perceived social support. These results have possible significant clinical implications.
2021
COVID-19; circadian rhythm dysregulation; internalizing symptoms; psychotic-like experiences; public health emergencies
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Mental health of Italian adults during COVID-19 pandemic / Amendola, Simone; Spensieri, Valentina; Hengartner, Michael P.; Cerutti, Rita. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1359-107X. - 26:2(2021), pp. 644-656. [10.1111/bjhp.12502]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1551745
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