Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) up-regulation on antigen presenting cells induces T cell dysfunction, strongly impairing immune response. Human Herpesviruses (HHV) 6B is a β-herpesvirus that, although displays a higher tropism for T cells, can infect other immune cells including monocytes and dendritic cells (DCs) and neuronal cells. We have previously shown that HHV-6B infection of primary monocytes reduced autophagy and induced Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) stress/ Unfolded Protein Response (UPR), impairing their survival and differentiation into DCs. In this study, we found that PD-L1 expression was up-regulated by HHV-6B on the surface of infected monocytes and that its extracellular release also increased, effects known to lead to an impairment of anti-viral immune response. At molecular level, PD-L1 up-regulation correlated with the activation of a positive regulatory circuit between the increase of intracellular ROS and the activation of STAT1 and STAT3 induced by HHV-6B, accompanied by a high release of pro-inflammatory/immune suppressive cytokines. In conclusion, this study unveils new strategies put in place by HHV-6B to induce immune dysfunction and the underlying molecular pathways that could be targeted to counteract such immune suppressive effects.

The cross-talk between STAT1/STAT3 and ROS up-regulates PD-L1 and promotes the release of pro-inflammatory/immune suppressive cytokines in primary monocytes infected by HHV-6B / Romeo, M. A.; Gilardini Montani, M. S.; Benedetti, R.; Giambelli, L.; D'Aprile, R.; Gaeta, A.; Faggioni, A.; Cirone, M.. - In: VIRUS RESEARCH. - ISSN 0168-1702. - 292:Jan 15(2021), pp. 1-6.

The cross-talk between STAT1/STAT3 and ROS up-regulates PD-L1 and promotes the release of pro-inflammatory/immune suppressive cytokines in primary monocytes infected by HHV-6B

Romeo M. A.;Gilardini Montani M. S.;Benedetti R.;Gaeta A.;Faggioni A.;Cirone M.
2021

Abstract

Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) up-regulation on antigen presenting cells induces T cell dysfunction, strongly impairing immune response. Human Herpesviruses (HHV) 6B is a β-herpesvirus that, although displays a higher tropism for T cells, can infect other immune cells including monocytes and dendritic cells (DCs) and neuronal cells. We have previously shown that HHV-6B infection of primary monocytes reduced autophagy and induced Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) stress/ Unfolded Protein Response (UPR), impairing their survival and differentiation into DCs. In this study, we found that PD-L1 expression was up-regulated by HHV-6B on the surface of infected monocytes and that its extracellular release also increased, effects known to lead to an impairment of anti-viral immune response. At molecular level, PD-L1 up-regulation correlated with the activation of a positive regulatory circuit between the increase of intracellular ROS and the activation of STAT1 and STAT3 induced by HHV-6B, accompanied by a high release of pro-inflammatory/immune suppressive cytokines. In conclusion, this study unveils new strategies put in place by HHV-6B to induce immune dysfunction and the underlying molecular pathways that could be targeted to counteract such immune suppressive effects.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1542828
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