Using emotional contagion theory and the Job Demands-Resources model as a theoretical foundation, we tested the proposition that higher levels of contagion of anger (i.e., a demand) vs. higher levels of contagion of joy (i.e., a resource) will be associated respectively with more vs. fewer sleep disturbances and health problems, which in turn are related to more workplace accidents and injuries. Moreover, we examined the moderating impact of production pressure (i.e., a contextual demand) on the relationship between emotional contagion and employee poor sleep and health. Data from 1000 employees in Italy showed that the conditional indirect effects of contagion of anger, but not of joy, on accidents and injuries via sleep and health problems were intensified as levels of production pressure increased. Furthermore, contagion of anger was positively associated with both sleep disturbances and health problems whereas contagion of joy was negatively related to only sleep disturbances. These findings suggest that the effect of anger that employees absorb during social interactions at work likely persists when coming at home and represents an emotional demand that impairs the physiological functions that regulate restorative sleep and energies recharging; and, this effect is even stronger among employees who perceived higher levels of organizational production pressure.

The impact of emotional contagion on workplace safety: investigating the roles of sleep, health, and production pressure / Petitta, L.; Probst, T. M.; Ghezzi, V.; Barbaranelli, C.. - In: CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1046-1310. - 42:3(2023), pp. 2362-2376. [10.1007/s12144-021-01616-8]

The impact of emotional contagion on workplace safety: investigating the roles of sleep, health, and production pressure

Petitta L.
;
Ghezzi V.;Barbaranelli C.
2023

Abstract

Using emotional contagion theory and the Job Demands-Resources model as a theoretical foundation, we tested the proposition that higher levels of contagion of anger (i.e., a demand) vs. higher levels of contagion of joy (i.e., a resource) will be associated respectively with more vs. fewer sleep disturbances and health problems, which in turn are related to more workplace accidents and injuries. Moreover, we examined the moderating impact of production pressure (i.e., a contextual demand) on the relationship between emotional contagion and employee poor sleep and health. Data from 1000 employees in Italy showed that the conditional indirect effects of contagion of anger, but not of joy, on accidents and injuries via sleep and health problems were intensified as levels of production pressure increased. Furthermore, contagion of anger was positively associated with both sleep disturbances and health problems whereas contagion of joy was negatively related to only sleep disturbances. These findings suggest that the effect of anger that employees absorb during social interactions at work likely persists when coming at home and represents an emotional demand that impairs the physiological functions that regulate restorative sleep and energies recharging; and, this effect is even stronger among employees who perceived higher levels of organizational production pressure.
2023
emotional contagion; health problems; production pressure; sleep disturbances; workplace accidents and injuries
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The impact of emotional contagion on workplace safety: investigating the roles of sleep, health, and production pressure / Petitta, L.; Probst, T. M.; Ghezzi, V.; Barbaranelli, C.. - In: CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1046-1310. - 42:3(2023), pp. 2362-2376. [10.1007/s12144-021-01616-8]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1541540
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