Oxidative stress may be defined as an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the antioxidant system to counteract or detoxify these potentially damaging molecules. This phenomenon is a common feature of many human disorders, such as cardiovascular disease. Many of the risk factors, including smoking, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, and obesity, are associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, involving an elevated oxidative stress burden (either due to enhanced ROS production or decreased antioxidant protec-tion). There are many therapeutic options to treat oxidative stress-associated cardiovascular dis-eases. Numerous studies have focused on the utility of antioxidant supplementation. However, whether antioxidant supplementation has any preventive and/or therapeutic value in cardiovascular pathology is still a matter of debate. In this review, we provide a detailed description of oxidative stress biomarkers in several cardiovascular risk factors. We also discuss the clinical implications of the supplementation with several classes of antioxidants, and their potential role for protecting against cardiovascular risk factors.

The role of antioxidants supplementation in clinical practice. focus on cardiovascular risk factors / Cammisotto, V.; Nocella, C.; Bartimoccia, S.; Sanguigni, V.; Francomano, D.; Sciarretta, S.; Pastori, D.; Peruzzi, M.; Cavarretta, E.; D'amico, A.; Castellani, V.; Frati, G.; Carnevale, R.; Group, S.. - In: ANTIOXIDANTS. - ISSN 2076-3921. - 10:2(2021). [10.3390/antiox10020146]

The role of antioxidants supplementation in clinical practice. focus on cardiovascular risk factors

Cammisotto V.
;
Nocella C.
;
Bartimoccia S.;Sciarretta S.;Pastori D.;Peruzzi M.;Cavarretta E.;D'amico A.;Castellani V.;Frati G.;Carnevale R.
;
2021

Abstract

Oxidative stress may be defined as an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the antioxidant system to counteract or detoxify these potentially damaging molecules. This phenomenon is a common feature of many human disorders, such as cardiovascular disease. Many of the risk factors, including smoking, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, and obesity, are associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, involving an elevated oxidative stress burden (either due to enhanced ROS production or decreased antioxidant protec-tion). There are many therapeutic options to treat oxidative stress-associated cardiovascular dis-eases. Numerous studies have focused on the utility of antioxidant supplementation. However, whether antioxidant supplementation has any preventive and/or therapeutic value in cardiovascular pathology is still a matter of debate. In this review, we provide a detailed description of oxidative stress biomarkers in several cardiovascular risk factors. We also discuss the clinical implications of the supplementation with several classes of antioxidants, and their potential role for protecting against cardiovascular risk factors.
2021
antioxidants; biomarkers; cardiovascular disease; oxidative stress; risk factors; supplementation
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
The role of antioxidants supplementation in clinical practice. focus on cardiovascular risk factors / Cammisotto, V.; Nocella, C.; Bartimoccia, S.; Sanguigni, V.; Francomano, D.; Sciarretta, S.; Pastori, D.; Peruzzi, M.; Cavarretta, E.; D'amico, A.; Castellani, V.; Frati, G.; Carnevale, R.; Group, S.. - In: ANTIOXIDANTS. - ISSN 2076-3921. - 10:2(2021). [10.3390/antiox10020146]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1540951
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