Statins are effective for reducing cardiovascular disease in patients at risk or with cardiovascular disease. The benefit of statin therapy on adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) is not clear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies retrieved from MEDLINE via PubMed and Cochrane (CENTRAL) database of studies investigating the efficacy of statins in AF patients. The principal endpoint was all-cause mortality. Other endpoints were cardiovascular mortality, ischemic stroke, composite endpoints and any bleeding. We included 14 studies (2 post-hoc analysis of randomized clinical trials, 8 prospective and 4 retrospective) with 100,287 AF patients, of whom 23,228 were on statins. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality was 0.59 (95 % Confidence Interval [CI] 0.54-0.65). This association was consistent by aging, sex and prevalent cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease. and the beneficial effect was evident already after 12 months of therapy. The absolute risk reduction for all-cause mortality in patients treated with statins was 10 % (95 % CI 9-10). The pooled HR for statins against cardiovascular mortality was 0.75 (95 % CI 0.58-0.96). No association was found with other secondary endpoints. Regarding bleeding events, the pooled HR for statin use was 0.60 (95 % CI 0.48-0.76). Our meta-analysis shows that in AF patients, statin therapy was associated with a reduction in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality are reduced by 41 % and 25 %, respectively. Randomized clinical trials in AF patients are necessary, as well as clarity on AF-specific LDL cholesterol targets.

Statin use and mortality in atrial fibrillation. A systematic review and meta-analysis of 100,287 patients / Pastori, D; Baratta, F; Di Rocco, A; Farcomeni, A; Del Ben, M; Angelico, F; Violi, F; Pignatelli, P; Lip Gregory Y., H. - In: PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1043-6618. - 165:(2021). [10.1016/j.phrs.2021.105418]

Statin use and mortality in atrial fibrillation. A systematic review and meta-analysis of 100,287 patients

Pastori D
;
Baratta F;Di Rocco A;Farcomeni A;Del Ben M;Angelico F;Violi F;Pignatelli P;
2021

Abstract

Statins are effective for reducing cardiovascular disease in patients at risk or with cardiovascular disease. The benefit of statin therapy on adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) is not clear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies retrieved from MEDLINE via PubMed and Cochrane (CENTRAL) database of studies investigating the efficacy of statins in AF patients. The principal endpoint was all-cause mortality. Other endpoints were cardiovascular mortality, ischemic stroke, composite endpoints and any bleeding. We included 14 studies (2 post-hoc analysis of randomized clinical trials, 8 prospective and 4 retrospective) with 100,287 AF patients, of whom 23,228 were on statins. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality was 0.59 (95 % Confidence Interval [CI] 0.54-0.65). This association was consistent by aging, sex and prevalent cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease. and the beneficial effect was evident already after 12 months of therapy. The absolute risk reduction for all-cause mortality in patients treated with statins was 10 % (95 % CI 9-10). The pooled HR for statins against cardiovascular mortality was 0.75 (95 % CI 0.58-0.96). No association was found with other secondary endpoints. Regarding bleeding events, the pooled HR for statin use was 0.60 (95 % CI 0.48-0.76). Our meta-analysis shows that in AF patients, statin therapy was associated with a reduction in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality are reduced by 41 % and 25 %, respectively. Randomized clinical trials in AF patients are necessary, as well as clarity on AF-specific LDL cholesterol targets.
atrial fibrillation; cardiovascular events; meta-analysis; mortality; statin
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Statin use and mortality in atrial fibrillation. A systematic review and meta-analysis of 100,287 patients / Pastori, D; Baratta, F; Di Rocco, A; Farcomeni, A; Del Ben, M; Angelico, F; Violi, F; Pignatelli, P; Lip Gregory Y., H. - In: PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1043-6618. - 165:(2021). [10.1016/j.phrs.2021.105418]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1540666
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