Sleep terrors (STs) are sleep disorders characterized by abrupt arousal from sleep with autonomic hyperactivity and inappropriate behavior. Though a common condition in childhood that usually affects children between 4 and 12 years of age, STs, however, may be present even in adulthood. The exact etiology of STs is not known yet, however, several hypotheses have been proposed over the years, identifying some potential genetic, neurodevelopmental, or other causes. Nevertheless, a useful pathophysiological model identified a common cascade of predisposing, priming, and precipitating factors, which could help to explain and sometimes prevent STs. Establishing a correct diagnosis is mandatory for appropriate management, as several conditions (such as other parasomnias or nocturnal seizures) may mimic STs. Furthermore, we also described some conditions which can be comorbid to STs, like some medical or psychological disorders. A number of treatment options have been proposed, ranging from only sleep hygiene practices to pharmacological therapies; we reviewed some of the most prominent ones. In spite of the fact that STs have long been considered benign disorders, which tend to reduce spontaneously over the years, they may have unexpected consequences on the child but also on the caregivers.

Sleep terrors-A parental nightmare / Gigliotti, Federica; Esposito, Dario; Basile, Consuelo; Cesario, Serena; Bruni, Oliviero. - In: PEDIATRIC PULMONOLOGY. - ISSN 1099-0496. - (2021). [10.1002/ppul.25304]

Sleep terrors-A parental nightmare

Gigliotti, Federica
Primo
;
Esposito, Dario;Basile, Consuelo;Cesario, Serena;Bruni, Oliviero
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Sleep terrors (STs) are sleep disorders characterized by abrupt arousal from sleep with autonomic hyperactivity and inappropriate behavior. Though a common condition in childhood that usually affects children between 4 and 12 years of age, STs, however, may be present even in adulthood. The exact etiology of STs is not known yet, however, several hypotheses have been proposed over the years, identifying some potential genetic, neurodevelopmental, or other causes. Nevertheless, a useful pathophysiological model identified a common cascade of predisposing, priming, and precipitating factors, which could help to explain and sometimes prevent STs. Establishing a correct diagnosis is mandatory for appropriate management, as several conditions (such as other parasomnias or nocturnal seizures) may mimic STs. Furthermore, we also described some conditions which can be comorbid to STs, like some medical or psychological disorders. A number of treatment options have been proposed, ranging from only sleep hygiene practices to pharmacological therapies; we reviewed some of the most prominent ones. In spite of the fact that STs have long been considered benign disorders, which tend to reduce spontaneously over the years, they may have unexpected consequences on the child but also on the caregivers.
2021
NREM parasomnias; disorders of arousal; sleep terrors
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Sleep terrors-A parental nightmare / Gigliotti, Federica; Esposito, Dario; Basile, Consuelo; Cesario, Serena; Bruni, Oliviero. - In: PEDIATRIC PULMONOLOGY. - ISSN 1099-0496. - (2021). [10.1002/ppul.25304]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Gigliotti_Sleep terrors_2021.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 654.51 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
654.51 kB Adobe PDF   Contatta l'autore

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1509396
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact