Objective Previous studies have demonstrated voluntary movement alterations as well as motor cortex excitability and plasticity changes in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). To investigate the pathophysiology of movement abnormalities in MCI, we tested possible relationships between movement abnormalities and primary motor cortex alterations in patients. Methods Fourteen amnestic MCI (aMCI) patients and 16 healthy controls were studied. Cognitive assessment was performed using clinical scales. Finger tapping was recorded by a motion analysis system. Transcranial magnetic stimulation was used to test the input/output curve of motor evoked potentials, intracortical inhibition, and short-latency afferent inhibition. Primary motor cortex plasticity was probed by theta burst stimulation. We investigated correlations between movement abnormalities, clinical scores, and cortical neurophysiological parameters. Results MCI patients showed less rhythmic movement but no other movement abnormalities. Cortical excitability measures were normal in patients, whereas plasticity was reduced. Movement rhythm abnormalities correlated with frontal dysfunction scores. Conclusion Our study in MCI patients demonstrated abnormal voluntary movement and plasticity changes, with no correlation between the two. Altered rhythm correlated with frontal dysfunction. Significance Our results contribute to the understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms of motor impairment in MCI.

MOTOR DYSFUNCTION IN MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT AS TESTED BY KINEMATIC ANALYSIS AND TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION / Colella, Donato; Guerra, Andrea; Paparella, Giulia; Cioffi, Ettore; Di Vita, Antonella; Trebbastoni, Alessandro; Berardelli, Alfredo; Bologna, Matteo. - In: CLINICAL NEUROPHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1388-2457. - 132:2(2020), pp. 315-322. [10.1016/j.clinph.2020.10.028]

MOTOR DYSFUNCTION IN MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT AS TESTED BY KINEMATIC ANALYSIS AND TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION

Colella, Donato;Guerra, Andrea;Paparella, Giulia;Cioffi, Ettore;Di Vita, Antonella;Trebbastoni, Alessandro;Berardelli, Alfredo
;
Bologna, Matteo
2020

Abstract

Objective Previous studies have demonstrated voluntary movement alterations as well as motor cortex excitability and plasticity changes in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). To investigate the pathophysiology of movement abnormalities in MCI, we tested possible relationships between movement abnormalities and primary motor cortex alterations in patients. Methods Fourteen amnestic MCI (aMCI) patients and 16 healthy controls were studied. Cognitive assessment was performed using clinical scales. Finger tapping was recorded by a motion analysis system. Transcranial magnetic stimulation was used to test the input/output curve of motor evoked potentials, intracortical inhibition, and short-latency afferent inhibition. Primary motor cortex plasticity was probed by theta burst stimulation. We investigated correlations between movement abnormalities, clinical scores, and cortical neurophysiological parameters. Results MCI patients showed less rhythmic movement but no other movement abnormalities. Cortical excitability measures were normal in patients, whereas plasticity was reduced. Movement rhythm abnormalities correlated with frontal dysfunction scores. Conclusion Our study in MCI patients demonstrated abnormal voluntary movement and plasticity changes, with no correlation between the two. Altered rhythm correlated with frontal dysfunction. Significance Our results contribute to the understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms of motor impairment in MCI.
2020
Mild cognitive impairment; movement slowness; motor cortex; motor control; TMS
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
MOTOR DYSFUNCTION IN MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT AS TESTED BY KINEMATIC ANALYSIS AND TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION / Colella, Donato; Guerra, Andrea; Paparella, Giulia; Cioffi, Ettore; Di Vita, Antonella; Trebbastoni, Alessandro; Berardelli, Alfredo; Bologna, Matteo. - In: CLINICAL NEUROPHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1388-2457. - 132:2(2020), pp. 315-322. [10.1016/j.clinph.2020.10.028]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1473878
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