Background: Short-latency afferent inhibition (SAI) consists of motor cortex inhibition induced by sensory afferents and depends on the excitatory effect of cholinergic thalamocortical projections on inhibitory GABAergic cortical networks. Given the electrophysiological evidence for thalamo-cortical dysrhythmia in migraine, we studied SAI in migraineurs during and between attacks and searched for correlations with somatosensory habituation, thalamocortical activation, and clinical features. Methods: SAI was obtained by conditioning the transcranial magnetic stimulation-induced motor evoked potential (MEP) with an electric stimulus on the median nerve at the wrist with random stimulus intervals corresponding to the latency of individual somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) N20 plus 2, 4, 6, or 8 ms. We recruited 30 migraine without aura patients, 16 between (MO), 14 during an attack (MI), and 16 healthy volunteers (HV). We calculated the slope of the linear regression between the unconditioned MEP amplitude and the 4-conditioned MEPs as a measure of SAI. We also measured SSEP amplitude habituation, and high-frequency oscillations (HFO) as an index of thalamo-cortical activation. Results: Compared to HV, SAI, SSEP habituation and early SSEP HFOs were significantly reduced in MO patients between attacks, but enhanced during an attack. There was a positive correlation between degree of SAI and amplitude of early HFOs in HV, but not in MO or MI. Conclusions: The migraine cycle-dependent variations of SAI and SSEP HFOs are further evidence that facilitatory thalamocortical activation (of GABAergic networks in the motor cortex for SAI), likely to be cholinergic, is reduced in migraine between attacks, but increased ictally.

Short-latency afferent inhibition and somato-sensory evoked potentials during the migraine cycle. Surrogate markers of a cycling cholinergic thalamo-cortical drive? / Coppola, G.; Di Lenola, D.; Abagnale, C.; Ferrandes, F.; Sebastianelli, G.; Casillo, F.; Di Lorenzo, C.; Serrao, M.; Evangelista, M.; Schoenen, J.; Pierelli, F.. - In: THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN. - ISSN 1129-2369. - 21:1(2020), p. 34. [10.1186/s10194-020-01104-7]

Short-latency afferent inhibition and somato-sensory evoked potentials during the migraine cycle. Surrogate markers of a cycling cholinergic thalamo-cortical drive?

Coppola G.;Di Lenola D.;Abagnale C.;Ferrandes F.;Sebastianelli G.;Casillo F.;Di Lorenzo C.;Serrao M.;Pierelli F.
2020

Abstract

Background: Short-latency afferent inhibition (SAI) consists of motor cortex inhibition induced by sensory afferents and depends on the excitatory effect of cholinergic thalamocortical projections on inhibitory GABAergic cortical networks. Given the electrophysiological evidence for thalamo-cortical dysrhythmia in migraine, we studied SAI in migraineurs during and between attacks and searched for correlations with somatosensory habituation, thalamocortical activation, and clinical features. Methods: SAI was obtained by conditioning the transcranial magnetic stimulation-induced motor evoked potential (MEP) with an electric stimulus on the median nerve at the wrist with random stimulus intervals corresponding to the latency of individual somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) N20 plus 2, 4, 6, or 8 ms. We recruited 30 migraine without aura patients, 16 between (MO), 14 during an attack (MI), and 16 healthy volunteers (HV). We calculated the slope of the linear regression between the unconditioned MEP amplitude and the 4-conditioned MEPs as a measure of SAI. We also measured SSEP amplitude habituation, and high-frequency oscillations (HFO) as an index of thalamo-cortical activation. Results: Compared to HV, SAI, SSEP habituation and early SSEP HFOs were significantly reduced in MO patients between attacks, but enhanced during an attack. There was a positive correlation between degree of SAI and amplitude of early HFOs in HV, but not in MO or MI. Conclusions: The migraine cycle-dependent variations of SAI and SSEP HFOs are further evidence that facilitatory thalamocortical activation (of GABAergic networks in the motor cortex for SAI), likely to be cholinergic, is reduced in migraine between attacks, but increased ictally.
2020
episodic migraine without aura; GABA; mootor cortex inhibition; sensorimotor integration; thalamo-cortical activation; adolescent; adult; evoked potentials, motor; evoked potentials, somatosensory; female; humans; male; median nerve; migraine disorders; motor cortex; neural inhibition; thalamus; transcranial magnetic stimulation; young adult
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Short-latency afferent inhibition and somato-sensory evoked potentials during the migraine cycle. Surrogate markers of a cycling cholinergic thalamo-cortical drive? / Coppola, G.; Di Lenola, D.; Abagnale, C.; Ferrandes, F.; Sebastianelli, G.; Casillo, F.; Di Lorenzo, C.; Serrao, M.; Evangelista, M.; Schoenen, J.; Pierelli, F.. - In: THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN. - ISSN 1129-2369. - 21:1(2020), p. 34. [10.1186/s10194-020-01104-7]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1473144
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