Gender has been the focus of linguistic and psychological studies, but little is known about its conceptual representation. We investigate whether the conceptual structure of gender - as expressed in participants' free-listing responses - varies according to gender-related experiences in line with research on conceptual flexibility. Specifically, we tested groups that varied by gender identity, sexual orientation, and gender-normativity. We found that different people stressed distinct aspects of the concept. For example, normative individuals mainly relied on a bigenderist conception (e.g., male/female; man/woman), while non-normative individuals produced more aspects related to social context (e.g., queer, fluidity, construction). At a broader level, our results support the idea that gender is a multifaceted and flexible concept, constituted by social, biological, cultural, and linguistic components. Importantly, the meaning of gender is not exhausted by the classical dichotomy opposing sex, a biological fact, with gender as its cultural counterpart. Instead, both aspects are differentially salient depending on specific life experiences.

Gender is a multifaceted concept: Evidence that specific life experiences differentially shape the concept of gender / Mazzuca, C.; Majid, A.; Lugli, L.; Nicoletti, R.; Borghi, A. M.. - In: LANGUAGE AND COGNITION. - ISSN 1866-9808. - 12:4(2020), pp. 649-678. [10.1017/langcog.2020.15]

Gender is a multifaceted concept: Evidence that specific life experiences differentially shape the concept of gender

Mazzuca C.;Borghi A. M.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Gender has been the focus of linguistic and psychological studies, but little is known about its conceptual representation. We investigate whether the conceptual structure of gender - as expressed in participants' free-listing responses - varies according to gender-related experiences in line with research on conceptual flexibility. Specifically, we tested groups that varied by gender identity, sexual orientation, and gender-normativity. We found that different people stressed distinct aspects of the concept. For example, normative individuals mainly relied on a bigenderist conception (e.g., male/female; man/woman), while non-normative individuals produced more aspects related to social context (e.g., queer, fluidity, construction). At a broader level, our results support the idea that gender is a multifaceted and flexible concept, constituted by social, biological, cultural, and linguistic components. Importantly, the meaning of gender is not exhausted by the classical dichotomy opposing sex, a biological fact, with gender as its cultural counterpart. Instead, both aspects are differentially salient depending on specific life experiences.
2020
abstract concepts; conceptual flexibility; embodied and grounded cognition; free-listing task; gender
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Gender is a multifaceted concept: Evidence that specific life experiences differentially shape the concept of gender / Mazzuca, C.; Majid, A.; Lugli, L.; Nicoletti, R.; Borghi, A. M.. - In: LANGUAGE AND COGNITION. - ISSN 1866-9808. - 12:4(2020), pp. 649-678. [10.1017/langcog.2020.15]
File allegati a questo prodotto
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1466617
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 25
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 22
social impact